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Supplementive constructions
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Supplementives describe a temporary state that receives a simultaneous or conditional interpretation with respect to what is described in the main clause. Supplementives can be classified depending on whether their structure is bare or full-fledged. The absolute with construction instantiates a full-fledged supplementive: bare supplementive and absolute with-construction.

A bare supplementive consists of an Adjective Phrase (AP) predicated of a Noun Phrase (NP) functioning as subject or direct object:

Example 1

Gurbe sljurke [ dronken] by de sleatswâl del
Gurbe slid drunk at the ditch.side down
Gurbe slid down the side of the ditch drunk

The absolute with construction contains a complementiser (the preposition with), the argument of the predication (Dost) and the AP predicate:

Example 2

Mei [Dost siik] kinne se wolris ferlieze
with Dost ill can they just lose
With Dost ill, they might just lose
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More details about supplementive constructions can be found by following the corresponding links:

References:
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