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Agreement on the definite article and demonstratives
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The definite and demonstrative articles are unique among the quantifiers in irregularly expressing strong agreement.

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The definite article makes the relevant number and gender distinctions by virtue of its lexical shape, and not by virtue of the schwa-addition scheme, and the same applies to the distal demonstrative and the proximate demonstrative. In contrast, the universal quantifier, for example, makes the relevant distinctions by virtue of the schwa-addition scheme:

Table 1
Neuter singular Other
Definite article itit dethe
Demonstrative 1 ditthis dizzethis
Demonstrative 2 datthat dythat
Universal quantifier elkeach elkeeach
Application of the regular scheme of agreement which characterizes adjectives would yield non-existent forms for the plural and for the common gender of the definite and demonstrative articles:
Table 2
Neuter singular Other
Adjective griengreen grien-egreen
Definite article itit *it-eit
Demonstrative 1 ditthis *dit-ethis
Demonstrative 2 datthat *dat-ethat

References:
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