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Frisian nouns are marked for number (singular, plural) and gender (neuter, common). Number is visible in the phonological shape of the noun:

singular: boekbook

plural: boek-enbook-s

Gender is usually not visible in the morpho-phonological shape of the noun:

neuter gender: boekbook

common gender: manman

Gender is systematically visible in the singular from the morpho-phonological shape of the definite article and of the demonstrative article that may accompany the noun. Hence, the article and the demonstrative may be said to agree with the noun, showing a distinction between the neuter singular and all others. This type of agreement is called strong.

The article: neuter gender: it boekthe book common gender: de manthe man

The proximate demonstrative: neuter gender: dit boekthis book common gender: dizze manthis man

The distal demonstrative: neuter gender: dat boekthat book common gender: dy manthat man

Adjectives may exhibit strong or weak agreement. The choice between strong or weak agreement depends on the nature of the preceding quantifier. Weak agreement is a unary agreement characterised by the invariable presence of a schwa (see agreement on adjectives.

As mentioned, some quantifiers may themselves exhibit strong agreement, whereas others do not, as is discussed for the following classes of elements: the definite article and the demonstrative, numerals, quantifiers and possessors.

Strong agreement may under certain conditions vary: it can be absent or it can be variable. In addition, there is other information about agreement: from historical linguistics and from dialect linguistics.

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