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Attribution
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  1. An attribution involves an AP that is attributed of a noun (N), and usually precedes the noun, as in this example:
    Example 1

    'n rooi sonsondergang
    a red sunset
  2. The adjective will inflect or not, depending on the phonological shape of the word. (a) Polysyllabic stemsPolysyllabic stems, as in the example of arrogant below, normally inflect before all nouns.
    Example 2

    Die vent is arrogant.
    The bloke is arrogant.
    'n arrogant·e vent
    an arrogant·ATTR bloke
    an arrogant bloke
    Exceptions to this rule are adjectives ending in -er or -e, which normally do not receive the inflecting suffix (or a further suffix) -e:
    Example 3

    haar suiwer stem
    her pure voice
    Example 4

    die beskeie man
    the modest man
    (b) Monosyllabic stems

    Monosyllabic adjectives (and compound adjectives that end in a monosyllabic stem) may or may not inflect, depending on the auslaut of the stem.

    (i) For instance, if the adjective ends in a sonorant, such as /n/, /m/, /l/ or /r/, plus /d/, inflection is mandatory, as in this example:

    Example 5

    groot rond·e kase (< rond)
    large round·ATTR cheeses
    large round cheeses
    (ii) A second environment which induces inflection is a vowel (high or long), such as /u/ or /a:/, followed by /x/.

    When the schwa is added, a sound change takes place, in that the /x/ is deleted between the two vowels. Such intervocalic elision occurs, for example, when the adjective moegtiredis used attributively, and is inflected:

    Example 6

    Die reisigers is moeg.
    The travellers are tired.
    Example 7

    moe·ë reisigers
    tired·ATTR travellers
    tired travellers

    Note that after the delection of the intervocalic letter g (i.e. the sound /x/), the letter e (i.e. the schwa) which now starts a new syllable, is written with a diaeresis, as ë, to indicate the start of the syllable, as is shown by the example above.

    In the case of closed syllables which are written with a double vowel, such as vaagvague, the deletion of /x/ results in an open syllable, and the vowel is represented by a single lettter, as in this example:

    Example 8

    Die beeld is vaag.
    The image is vague.
    Example 9

    va·e beelde
    vague·ATTR images
    vague images

    The two factors mentioned above often combine, so that the orthographic result of /x/ deletion and a consequent open syllable has to be reflected, as in this example:

    Example 10

    My lippe is droog.
    My lips are dry.
    Example 11

    dro·ë lippe
    dry·ATTR lips
    dry lips

    A number of monosyllabic adjectives ending in /d/ also undergo intervocalic consonant deletion, with the same orthographic result, as in

    Example 12

    Sy invloed strek wyd.
    his influence stretches wide
    His influence extends far.
    Example 13

    Hy het 'n wy·e invloed.
    he has a wide·ATTR influence
    He has a wide influence.
  3. A noun may be omitted following an adjective and other prenominal elements. Such so-called noun ellipsis may result in the transfer of noun-like qualities to the relevant adjectives, so that nominalisation can be said to have occurred. Compare sentences (4) and (5) below::
    Example 14

    'n blou vlag en 'n geel vlag
    a blue flag and a yellow flag
    Example 15

    'n blou vlag en 'n gel·e
    a blue flag and a yellow·NMLZ
    a blue flag and a yellow one
    Example 16

    Die gel·e is goedkoper as die blou·e.
    the yellow·NMLZ is cheaper than the blue·NMLZ
    The yellow one is cheaper than the blue one.
  4. The attributive construction may contain a list of several APs. Such a stacking construction differs from coordination, and it exhibits characteristic orderings among the adjectives involved, depending on their morphonological or semantic type . This is exemplified below:
    Example 17

    die smaaklik·e kou·e rou vis
    the tasty·ATTR cold·ATTR raw fish
    the tasty cold raw fish

    readmore

    The use of attributive adjective inflection was unmarked in incipient Afrikaans during the 18th and 19th centuries, and based on (however, not consistently) the gender-based inflection of adjectives before masculine and feminine nouns in Dutch. In time, the system of inflection shifted to the phonological structure of the adjective itself. Raidt (1983) provides a well-tructured framework to categorise the various environments determining attributive inflection. (Raidt, E.H. 1983)

    1. The general rule is that the attributive formant -e is suffixed to polysyllabic adjectives, more specifically adjectives containing a grammatical morpheme. Some examples:

      Example 18

      'n verstaanbar·e vraag (< verstaanbaar)
      an understandable·ATTR question
      an understandable question
      Example 19

      heerlik·e kos (< heerlik)
      delicious·ATTR food
      delicious food
      Example 20

      vinnig·e motors (< vinnig)
      fast·ATTR cars
      fast cars

      Exceptions are (a) those already ending in -e, such as eieown in

      Example 21

      Die keuse is my eie.
      The choice is my own.
      Example 22

      Dit is my eie keuse.
      It is my own choice.

      Adjectives ending in -er whether it forms part of the stem or represents a grammatical morpheme (such as the comparative suffiix), do not, by default, inflect (whether is it a grammatical morpheme or not), as illustrated by the examples below:

      Example 23

      skrander studente
      clever students
      Example 24

      'n lekker gesprek
      a pleasant conversation
      Example 25

      ou·er vroue
      old·CMPR women
      older women

      There are some exceptions to the -er rule, where forms with -er have the status of collocations as part of fixed (inherited from 17th century Dutch) expressions, and are inflected, as in:

      Example 26

      'n verder·e vraag
      a far·CMPR.ATTR question
      a further question
      Example 27

      by nader·e ondersoek
      at close·CMPR.ATTR investigation
      on closer investigation

      In addition, adjectival compounds based on an uninflectable monosyllabic stem do not inflect, for example an intensive form such as 'n spierwit landskapa muscle-white landscapea snow-white landscape, or a compound of two lexical morphemes, such as goedkoop groentegood.buy vegetablescheap vegetables But note that adjectives ending in -er,

      Various exceptions to the default apply to both polysyllabic (as above) and monosyllabic stems. Those applicable to monosyllabic stems are discussed under the heading where the relevant phonological process is categorised.

    2. While it is extremely difficult to make provision for all possible phonological forms, certain regularities regarding monosyllabic adjective stems can be identified. Monosyllabic adjective stems receive the attributive formant -e, inter alia, in the following cases: 2.1 If the stem ends in a consonant cluster which consists of a sonorant plus /d/ (-md, -nd, -ld and -rd)
      Example 28

      'n vreemd·e geluid (< vreemd)
      a strange·ATTR sound
      a strange sound
      Example 29

      'n wild·e jaagtog (< wild)
      a wild·ATTR chase
      a wild chase
      2.2 If the stem ends in a vowel plus /x/
      Example 30

      la·e klanke (< laag)
      vague·ATTR promises
      low tones
      Example 31

      dro·ë bestanddele (< droog)
      dry·ATTR ingredients
      dry ingredients
      Example 32

      moe·ë reisigers (< moeg)
      tired·ATTR travellers
      tired travellers
      Example 33

      rui·e wenkbroue (< ruig)
      bushy·ATTR eyebrows
      bushy eyebrows

      Note that the intervocalic deletion of /x/ can bring about spelling changes, as illustrated in examples (7) to (11).

      2.3 After a long or high vowel (or diphthong) plus /d/
      Example 34

      wred·e aanvallers (< wreed)
      cruel·ATTR attackers
      cruel attackers

      While this group is relatively restricted, some adjectives ending in /d/ under similar phonological (and orthographic) changes as in the case of invertocalic /x/ deletion, undergo intervocalic /d/ deletion, causing the concomitant spelling changes, as discussed above. Orthographically, an important difference is that (except for breedbroad, of which the attributive form is breë), the schwa is never represented by means of a diaeresis (ë) in the case of /d/ deletion. Adjective stems ending in -d include also dooddead, goedgood, goudgolden, koudcold and wydwide.

      Example 35

      'n wy·e verskeidenheid (< wyd)
      a wide·ATTR variety
      a large assortment
      Example 36

      kou·e water (< koud)
      cold·ATTR water
      cold water

      Note that, phonologically, /d/ elision causes glide insertion, leading to forms such as [vəijə] and [kəuwə].

      Example 37

      'n gou·e medalje (< goud)
      a gold·ATTR medal
      a gold medal
      Example 38

      'n dooi·e perd (< dood)
      a dead·ATTR horse
      a dead horse

      An example of an exception is oudold, of which the attributive form is ou, as in die Ou Testamentthe Old Testament, where /d/ deletion does take place, but no inflection. This is one of a few cases where the distinction between the attributive and predicate/adverbial forms are marked in a different way than by means of the schwa suffix. Two examples in this regard are jonkyoung and lanklong, of which the attributive forms are jong, as in 'n jong meisiea young girl, and lang, as in 'n lang reisa long journey, respectively.

      Returning to intervocalic /d/ deletion: Also note that inflection without /d/ deletion does occur in the case of some adjective stems containing a short vowel such as gladsmooth, but that the vowel quality is retained by doubling the consonant in the spelling:

      Example 39

      gladd·e bande (< glad)
      smooth·ATTR tyres
      smooth tyres

      Other verb stems with short vowels and different auslaut consonants are facultative, and may or not inflect, as in the case of dorarid and felsevere, as in the following examples:

      Example 40

      'n dor/dorr·e landskap (< dor)
      an arid/arid·ATTR landscape
      an arid landscape
      Example 41

      fel/fell·e kritiek (< fel)
      severe/severe·ATTR criticism
      severe criticism
      2.4 If the stem ends in a vowel plus /f/

      Note that intervocalic voicing of /f/ occurs in all cases, as well as consonant doubling in the spelling where the quality of short vowels has to be maintained.

      Example 42

      'n doww·e pyn (< dof)
      a dull·ATTR pain
      a dull pain
      BUT
      Example 43

      Die waarskuwing was nie om dow·e neute nie. (< doof)
      the warning was not about deaf·ATTR nuts
      The warning was not for nothing.
      Example 44

      styw·e spiere (< styf)
      stiff·ATTR muscles
      stiff muscles
      2.5 If the stem ends in a voiceless obstruent plus underlying /t/

      Diachronically, the deletion of /t/ in syllable-final consonant clusters can be said to have taken place during the evolution of Afrikaans from 17th century Dutch; however, the /t/ reappears when the syllable structure is altered as a result of inflection, and /t/ starts the final syllable.

      Example 45

      'n sagt·e teiken (< sag)
      a soft·ATTR target
      a soft target
      Example 46

      'n vast·e inkomste (< vas)
      a fixed·ATTR income
      a fixed income
      Example 47

      stipt·e gehoorsaamheid (< stip)
      strict·ATTR obedience
      strict obedience

      Exceptions in colloquial language occur in the case of some items, for example 'n sleg venta nasty character/fellow, but then with added emotive content.

      2.6 If the stem ends in the rounded front vowel /y/, with epenthesis of /v/

      This phenomenon is comparable to the syllable-initial realisation of cluster-final /t/ in adjective stems, except that its origin, evident from the spelling in Dutch, apparently represented a glide, and not an obstruent.

      Example 48

      ruw·e berge (< ru)
      rough·ATTR mountains
      rough mountains
      Example 49

      die sluw·e jakkals (< slu)
      the wily·ATTR jackal
      the wily jackal

      Possibly as a result of the low frequency of this combination, the uninflected form is found often in examples like the following:

      Example 50

      'n kru woord
      a coarse word
      2.7 If the stem ends in a consonant cluster, with final /s/.
      Example 51

      'n wulps·e blondine (< wulps)
      a voluptuous·ATTR blonde
      a voluptuous blonde
      Example 52

      met rats·e bewegings (< rats)
      with swift·ATTR movements
      with swift movements
      Example 53

      mals·e plantegroei (< mals)
      luxuriant·ATTR vegetation
      luxuriant vegetation
      2.8 If the stem ends in a vowel plus /s/
      Example 54

      wys·e woorde om in gedagte te hou (< wys)
      wise·ATTR words PTCL.INF in thought to keep
      wise words to keep in mind
      Example 55

      bos·e geeste (< boos)
      evil·ATTR spirits
      evil spirits

      In this category, various exceptions occur, which in many cases correlate with semantic nuances, such as grys haregrey hair, but tot die gryse ouderdomuntil the grey ageuntil old age, los buieloose showersscattered showers, but losse sedesloose morals. In many cases, inflection also correlates with a figurative connotation, or emphasis .

    [hide extra information]
    x
    Adjectival inflection in Cape Vernacular Afrikaans (Kaaps)

    The inflectional patterns occurring in Standard Afrikaans, exemplified in examples (18) to (53), do not fully represent the Afrikaans diasystem. An analysis which is restricted to this variety would obfuscate linguistic phenomena which occur in colloquial varieties and are exposed much more to language contact (and possibly creolisation). In this section, the spotlight is turned to primary data which were collected during the 1980s among the speakers of Cape Vernacular Afrikaans (generally known as Kaaps), and particularly in the Malay, or Cape Muslim community. A few more recent and comparable examples will also be included.

    The reason for selecting this variety is that the sociolinguistic circumstances which influenced the development of Kaaps during its period of formation strongly favoured the retention of features which were the result of the contact situation. Hence present-day Kaaps would form an excellent testing ground to determine whether the expected results of grammatical gender loss led to a regular, simplified adjectival system. The importance of taking note of both the morphonological rules for adjectival inflection in Standard Afrikaans as in the combined system is underlined by the fact that variants from Kaaps have increasingly been used in normative contexts such as the electronic and print media since 1994, when the first democratic elections took place in the country.

    A comparative diachronic study which was undertaken on the basis of the data referred to above ( Kotzé 1984:41-73) points to some interesting differences between Kaaps (K) and the standard variety (SV) in relation to adjectival inflection. In some respects, Kaaps has remained a more conservative dialect, in that monomorphemic adjectives retained an attributive formant in a relatively consistent fashion, as in the following examples, which show that regularisation has indeed occurred in this variety:

    Example 56

    K: Saoedi-Arabië was 'n arm·e land.
    Saudi Arabia was a poor·ATTR country
    SV: Saoedi-Arabië was 'n arm land.
    Example 57

    K: 'n ryk·e man
    a rich·ATTR man
    SV: 'n ryk man
    Example 58

    K: jou ou·e lesse
    your old·ATTR lessons
    SV: jou ou lesse
    Example 59

    K: 'n klein·e bietjie
    a small·ATTR bit
    a little bit
    SV: 'n klein bietjie
    Example 60

    K: 'n kort·e distansie
    a short·ATTR distance
    SV: 'n kort distansie
    Example 61

    K: lekker vars·e snoek
    tasty fresh·ATTR snoek (barracouta)
    SV: lekker vars snoek

    These examples from Kaaps are a reflection of the general situation in late 18th century Cape Afrikaans ( Raidt 1994:80). This pattern is also manifested in the attributive form of the possessive pronoun onsour, as in

    Example 62

    K: baie manne van ons·e mense
    many men of our·ATTR people
    SV: baie manne van ons mense
    Example 63

    K: hy sal nooit in ons·e pad staan nie
    he will never in our·ATTR path stand
    he will never stand in our way
    SV: hy sal nooit in ons pad staan nie

    The examples of this category also reflect the situation in the 19th century ( Raidt 1994:280) in all varieties of Afrikaans. On the basis of the comparison, one will be able to conclude that the inflected form of monomorphemic attributive adjectives in present-day Kaaps forms a larger category than in the standard variety, in which the process of regularisation (i.e. through generalisation of -e suffixing) was reversed somehow or other before the the present pattern became fixed. On the other hand, the phonological processes in Kaaps which are linked to the inflectional patterns are largely the same, and the default categories in which inflection in Standard Afrikaans is compulsory are identical to those in Kaaps. Examples from the data are:

    Example 64

    K: 'n mens wat doen goei·e ietse
    a person who does good·ATTR somethings
    someone who does good things
    SV: 'n mens wat goeie dinge doen

    The rule according to which intervocalic /d/ is deleted (See heading 2 under Monosyllabic stems in the Read more section) is applicable in the example above.

    In the example below, taken from a written Cape Muslim Afrikaans text, the inflectional rule applicable to polysyllabic stems (geestige (< geestig)), as well as that referring to intervocalic /x/ (hoë (< hoog)) deletion apply.

    Example 65

    K: die geestig·e gemeenskap met Sy ho·ë baas
    the spiritual·ATTR communion with his high·ATTR master
    SV: die geestelike gemeenskap met sy hoë meester
    [hide extra information]
    x Adjectival inflection in Cape Vernacular Afrikaans (Kaaps)

    The inflectional patterns occurring in Standard Afrikaans, exemplified in examples (18) to (53), do not fully represent the Afrikaans diasystem. An analysis which is restricted to this variety would obfuscate linguistic phenomena which occur in colloquial varieties and are exposed much more to language contact (and possibly creolisation). In this section, the spotlight is turned to primary data which were collected during the 1980s among the speakers of Cape Vernacular Afrikaans (generally known as Kaaps), and particularly in the Malay, or Cape Muslim community. A few more recent and comparable examples will also be included.

    The reason for selecting this variety is that the sociolinguistic circumstances which influenced the development of Kaaps during its period of formation strongly favoured the retention of features which were the result of the contact situation. Hence present-day Kaaps would form an excellent testing ground to determine whether the expected results of grammatical gender loss led to a regular, simplified adjectival system. The importance of taking note of both the morphonological rules for adjectival inflection in Standard Afrikaans as in the combined system is underlined by the fact that variants from Kaaps have increasingly been used in normative contexts such as the electronic and print media since 1994, when the first democratic elections took place in the country.

    A comparative diachronic study which was undertaken on the basis of the data referred to above ( Kotzé 1984:41-73) points to some interesting differences between Kaaps (K) and the standard variety (SV) in relation to adjectival inflection. In some respects, Kaaps has remained a more conservative dialect, in that monomorphemic adjectives retained an attributive formant in a relatively consistent fashion, as in the following examples, which show that regularisation has indeed occurred in this variety:

    Example 56

    K: Saoedi-Arabië was 'n arm·e land.
    Saudi Arabia was a poor·ATTR country
    SV: Saoedi-Arabië was 'n arm land.
    Example 57

    K: 'n ryk·e man
    a rich·ATTR man
    SV: 'n ryk man
    Example 58

    K: jou ou·e lesse
    your old·ATTR lessons
    SV: jou ou lesse
    Example 59

    K: 'n klein·e bietjie
    a small·ATTR bit
    a little bit
    SV: 'n klein bietjie
    Example 60

    K: 'n kort·e distansie
    a short·ATTR distance
    SV: 'n kort distansie
    Example 61

    K: lekker vars·e snoek
    tasty fresh·ATTR snoek (barracouta)
    SV: lekker vars snoek

    These examples from Kaaps are a reflection of the general situation in late 18th century Cape Afrikaans ( Raidt 1994:80). This pattern is also manifested in the attributive form of the possessive pronoun onsour, as in

    Example 62

    K: baie manne van ons·e mense
    many men of our·ATTR people
    SV: baie manne van ons mense
    Example 63

    K: hy sal nooit in ons·e pad staan nie
    he will never in our·ATTR path stand
    he will never stand in our way
    SV: hy sal nooit in ons pad staan nie

    The examples of this category also reflect the situation in the 19th century ( Raidt 1994:280) in all varieties of Afrikaans. On the basis of the comparison, one will be able to conclude that the inflected form of monomorphemic attributive adjectives in present-day Kaaps forms a larger category than in the standard variety, in which the process of regularisation (i.e. through generalisation of -e suffixing) was reversed somehow or other before the the present pattern became fixed. On the other hand, the phonological processes in Kaaps which are linked to the inflectional patterns are largely the same, and the default categories in which inflection in Standard Afrikaans is compulsory are identical to those in Kaaps. Examples from the data are:

    Example 64

    K: 'n mens wat doen goei·e ietse
    a person who does good·ATTR somethings
    someone who does good things
    SV: 'n mens wat goeie dinge doen

    The rule according to which intervocalic /d/ is deleted (See heading 2 under Monosyllabic stems in the Read more section) is applicable in the example above.

    In the example below, taken from a written Cape Muslim Afrikaans text, the inflectional rule applicable to polysyllabic stems (geestige (< geestig)), as well as that referring to intervocalic /x/ (hoë (< hoog)) deletion apply.

    Example 65

    K: die geestig·e gemeenskap met Sy ho·ë baas
    the spiritual·ATTR communion with his high·ATTR master
    SV: die geestelike gemeenskap met sy hoë meester
    [hide extra information]
    x
    Examples of Attributive Adjective Inflection

    Table 1: Examples of Attributive Adjective Inflection
    Adjective Attr. inflection Eng. Restricted use Unmarked Marked/Alternative Example
    absoluut (..lute) (absolute)
    agterdogtig (~e) (suspicious)
    bedremmeld (~e) (sheepish, embarrassed)
    behoorlik (~e) (properly, proper)
    beteuterd (~e) (downcast, embarrassed)
    aaklig (~e) awful, terrible
    aamborstig (~e) short-breathed, asthmatic
    aangeklam (~de) (tipsy)
    aangenaam (..name) (pleasant)
    aangenome (~) (adopted)
    aanhoudend (~e) (continuous , continuously)
    aanloklik (~e) (attractive, alluring)
    aanlyn (~) (online)
    aanstaande (~) (coming, next) attr
    aansteeklik (~e) (contagious, catching)
    aanstellerig (~e) (affected, full of airs)
    aanstootlik (~e) (offensive, obnoxious)
    aantreklik (~e) (attractive)
    aanvaarbaar (..bare) (acceptable)
    aanvallend (~e) (aggressive)
    aanvallig (~e) (charming)
    aanwesig (~e) (present)
    abnormaal (..male) (abnormal)
    adellik (~e) (noble)
    afdraand (~e) (down-hill)
    afgunstig (~e) (jealous, envious)
    afskuwelik (~e) (horrible , detestable)
    afsonderlik (~e) (separate)
    afstootlik (~e) (repulsive)
    afsydig (~e) (aloof)
    afwesig (~e) (absent)
    aggressief (..siewe) (aggressive)
    agtelosig (~e) (careless)
    agterbaks (~e) (sly, underhand)
    agterlik (~e) (backward)
    agtermekaar (~) (neat)
    agterstallig (~e) (overdue)
    agterste (~) (hind, hindmost)
    agterstevoor (~) (wrong way round)
    al (~le) (all, every) attr
    algemeen (..mene) (general)
    alleen (~), pred (alone) adv, pred
    allerbeste (~) (very best) attr
    allergies (~e) (allergic)
    amptelik (~e) (official)
    ander (~) (other) attr
    anders (~e) (different)
    angstig (~e) (fearful, terrified)
    apart (~e) (separate)
    arm (~) (poor) arm en ryk mense (~e) die arme drommel
    arrogant (~e) (arrogant)
    astrant (~e) (cheeky)
    asvaal (~) (pale)
    avontuurlik (~e) (adventurous)
    baie (~) (many, much)
    bak (~) (cupped)
    bakleierig (~e) (quarrelsome)
    bang (~) (afraid, fearful) ʼn bang mens (~e) hierdie bange nag
    bankrot (~) (bankrupt, insolvent)
    basies (~e) (basic, basically)
    beangs (~te) (fearful)
    bedagsaam (..same) (considerate)
    bedek (~e) (concealed)
    bedompig (~e) (sultry, stuffy)
    bedonderd (~e) (mad, crazy)
    bedorwe (~) (spoilt)
    bedrywig (~e) (active, busy)
    beduiweld (~e) (eccentric, difficult [person])
    bedwelmd (~e) (drugged, intoxicated)
    beeldskoon (..skone) (a real looker)
    been-af (~) (in love)
    begeerlik (~e) (desirable)
    behoeftig (~e) (needy, destitute)
    bejaard (~e) (elderly)
    bek-af (~) (down-hearted)
    bekend (~e) (known)
    bekoorlik (~e) (charming)
    bekwaam (bekwame) (capable)
    belaglik (~e) (ridiculous)
    belangrik (~e) (important)
    beleefd (~e) (polite)
    bemoedigend (~e) (encouraging)
    benoud (~e) (stuffy)
    bepaald (~e) (certain, particular)
    bereid (~), pred. (prepared, willing)
    bergagtig (~e) (mountainous)
    beroemd (~e) (famous)
    berug (~te) (notorious)
    beseer (~de) (injured)
    besig (~e) (busy)
    besimpeld (~e) (silly)
    beskaafd (~e) (civilized)
    beskeie (~) (modest)
    beskikbaar (..bare) (available)
    beskonke (~) (under the influence)
    besope (~) (drunk)
    betalend (~e) (profitable)
    beter (~) (better) ʼn beter kans (~e) na betere oorde verhuis
    betrokke (~) (overcast, involved, relevant)
    betroubaar (..bare) (reliable)
    bevorderlik (~ vir) (~e) (beneficial, conducive)
    bevredigend (~e) (satisfactory)
    bewerig (~e) (shaky, trembling)
    bewolk (~te) (cloudy, overcast)
    bewus (~te) (conscious)
    bewusteloos (..lose) (unconscious)
    billik (~e) (fair, reasonable)
    bitter (~) (bitter) ʼn bitter pil (~e) tot hulle bittere ontnugtering
    blank (~e) (white [people])
    blanko (~) (blank)
    bleek (~) (pale)
    bles (~) (bald)
    blind (~e) (blind)
    blink (~) (shining, bright)
    blitsig (~e) (quick as lightning)
    blitsvinnig (~e) (double quick)
    bloeddorstig (~e) (blood-thirsty)
    bloederig (~e) (smeared with blood)
    bloedig (~e) (bloody)
    bloedjonk (..jong) (very young)
    bloedmin (~) (very few, precious little)
    bloedrooi (~) (blood-red)
    daagliks (~e) (daily)
    danig, danig met (~e) (quite, fond of)
    dankbaar (..bare) (grateful)
    dapper (~) (brave) almal dappper soldate (~e) ʼn dappere houding
    deeglik (~e) (thorough)
    deeltyds (~e) (part-time)
    definitief (..tiewe) (definite)
    deftig (~e) (stylish, smart)
    deksels (~e) (jolly, damn)
    delikaat (..kate) (delicate)
    demokraties (~e) (democratic)
    desperaat (..rate) (desperate)
    destyds (~e) (then)
    deurmekaar (~) (mixed-up, confused)
    deurnat (~) (soaking wet)
    deurskynend (~e) (transparent)
    diep (~) (deep) diep spore (~e) diepe teleurstelling
    diepgaande (~) (profound, radical)
    dierbaar (..bare) (dear, beloved)
    dierlik (~e) (animal, brutal)
    dieselfde (~) (the same)
    dig (~te) (dense, close, tight)
    digterlik (~e) (poetic)
    dik (~) (thick) dik matte (~ke) die dikke boek deurgelees
    dikbek (~) (sulky)
    dikmond (~) (sulky)
    dikvellig (~e) (thick-skinned)
    direk (~te) (direct)
    disnis (~) (out cold) pred
    dodelik (~e) (deadly)
    doelbewus (~te) (deliberate)
    doelloos (..lose) (aimless, goalless)
    doeltreffend (~e) (effective)
    doenig (~e) (busy)
    doenlik (~e) (feasible)
    dof (dowwe) (dim)
    dol (~) (crazed, hectic) dol honde (~le) ʼn dolle jaagtog
    dolleeg (..leë) (completely empty)
    dom (~) (dim-witted, stupid) dom keuses (~me) domme dinge wat ek gesê het
    donker (~) (dark) ʼn donker wolk (~e) ʼn donkere wanhoopsnag
    donkerrooi (~) (dark red)
    dood (dooie) (dead)
    doodbang (~) (petrified, scared to death)
    doodeerlik (~e) (downright honest)
    doodernstig (~e) (deadly serious)
    doodgewoon (..gewone) (quite common)
    doodmaklik (~e) (dead easy)
    doodmoeg (..moeë) (dead beat, dead tired)
    doodonskuldig (~e) (quite innocent)
    doodreg (~te) (dead right)
    doodsbleek (~) (deathly pale, ashen)
    doodsiek (~) (fatally ill, moribund)
    doodstil (~) (motionless, deadly quiet)
    doodtevrede (~) (perfectly content)
    doof (dowe) (deaf)
    doofstom (~) (deaf and dumb)
    dooierig (~e) (listless, sluggish)
    dor (~) (arid) ʼn dor land (~re) net dorre vlaktes
    dors (~) (thirsty)
    dowerig (~e) (slightly deaf)
    draagbaar (..bare) (portable)
    draaglik (~e) (bearable)
    draderig (~e) (thready, fibrous)
    dragtig (~e) (gravid, with young)
    dreigend (~e) (menacing, threatening)
    driehoekig (~e) (triangular)
    drietalig (~e) (trilingual)
    driftig (~e) (passionate)
    dringend (~e) (urgent)
    drinkbaar (..bare) (potable)
    droewig (~e) (sad, dismal)
    dronk (~) (drunk)
    droog (droë) (dry)
    druk (~) (busy, heavy)
    drukkend (~e) (oppressive)
    dubbel (~e) (double)
    dubbelsinnig (~e) (ambiguous, equivocal)
    duidelik (~e) (clear)
    duiselig (~e) (dizzy)
    duister (~) (dark, obscure) ʼn donker kamer (~e) duistere geheime
    dun (~) (thin)
    duskantste (~) (on this side, near) attr
    duur (~) (expensive) ʼn duur prys (dure) ʼn dure les
    duursaam (..same) (durable)
    dwaas (dwase) (foolish)
    dwars (~) (cross)
    dynserig (~e) (hazy)
    edel (~e) (noble)
    eenmalig (~e) (unique)
    eenparig (~e) (unanimous)
    eensaam (..same) (lonely, solitary)
    eensgesind (~e) (at one, in harmony)
    eensydig (~e) (biased, one-sided)
    eentonig (~e) (monotonous)
    eenvoudig (~e) (simple, plain)
    eerbaar (..bare) (honest, virtuous)
    eerlik (~e) (honest, honourable)
    eersgebore (~) (first-born)
    eersgenoemde (~) (first-mentioned) attr
    eerskomende (~) (following, next) attr
    eertydse (~) (former) attr
    eervol (~le) (honourable)
    eetbaar (..bare) (edible)
    eeue oud (~ oue) (age-old)
    effektief (..tiewe) (effective)
    effens (~e) (slight)
    eg (~te) (genuine, authentic)
    egalig (~e) (steady)
    Egipties (~e) (Egyptian)
    egoïsties (~e) (selfish)
    eie (~) (own)
    eienaardig (~e) (strange, peculiar, funny)
    eiesinnig (~e) (headstrong, obstinate)
    eiewys (~) (self-conceited, stubborn)
    eina (~) (scanty, lame, poor)
    eindeloos (..lose) (endless)
    eintlik (~e) (real)
    eksie-perfeksie (~) (perfect)
    ekstra (~) (extra)
    elasties (~e) (elastic)
    elegant (~e) (elegant, stylish)
    elektries (~e) (electric)
    elektronies (~e) (electronic)
    elementêr (~e) (elementary)
    ellendig (~e) (miserable)
    ene (~) (a certain) attr
    eng (~) (narrow-minded, narrow)
    enig (~e) (any) attr
    enig (~) (only) pred
    enigste (~) (only) attr
    enkel (~e) (single, a few)
    enorm (~e) (enormous)
    entoesiasties (~e) (enthusiastic)
    erg (~e) bad, badly
    ergerlik (~e) (offensive)
    ergste (~) (worst) attr
    erkentlik (~e) (grateful)
    ernstig (~e) (serious, seriously)
    ervare (~) (experienced)
    essensieel (..siële) (essential)
    etnies (~e) (ethnic)
    eweredig (~e) (proportional)
    ewig (~e) (eternal)
    fantasties (~e) (fantastic)
    fatsoenlik (~e) (decent)
    feestelik (~e) (festive)
    feilbaar (..bare) (fallible)
    fel (~) (fierce, sharp) fel kritiek (~le) ʼn felle stryd
    ferm (~) (firm, steady)
    figuurlik (~e) (figurative)
    fiks (~) (fit)
    filosofies (~e) (philosophical)
    finaal (finale) (final)
    finansieel (..siële) (financial)
    fisiek (~e) (physical, bodily)
    fisies (~e) (scientific, physically)
    flambojant (~e) (flamboyant)
    flenters (~) (in smithereens) pred
    flink (~) (smart, brisk, thorough) ʼn flink stappie (~e) die polisie se flinke optrede
    florerend (~e) (flourishing)
    flou (~) (dim, weak, silly) flou verskonings (~e) geen floue idee nie
    fluks (~) (hard-working, diligent) ʼn fluks jong boer (~e) hierdie flukse student
    formeel (..mele) (formal)
    fors (~) (strong, sturdy) ʼn fors middeljarige man (~e) sy pa se forse blik
    foutief (..tiewe) (faulty, defective)
    fraai (~) (pretty) fraai illustrasies (~e) ʼn fraaie poppie
    fris (~) (fresh) ʼn fris windjie het gewaai (~e) frisse, helder sopraanstem
    frustrerend (~e) (frustrating)
    futiel (~e) (futile, in vain)
    futloos (..lose) (spiritless)
    fyn (~) (fine) ʼn fyn balans (~e) ʼn fyne woordspeling
    fyngevoelig (~e) (sensitive)
    gaaf (gawe) (fine, friendly)
    gaande (~) crazy (about), exited
    gaar (~) (cooked)
    galant (~e) (courteous)
    galbitter (~) (bitter as gall)
    galsterig (~e) (rancid)
    gangbaar (..bare) (acceptable)
    gans (~e) (whole, entire[ly], altogether) attr, adv
    gapend (~e) (yawning, gaping)
    gasvry (~e) (hospitable)
    gaterig (~e) (full of holes, holey)
    geag (~te) (respected) attr
    gebak (~te) (baked, fried)
    gebal (~de) (clenched)
    gebars (~te) (cracked, burst)
    gebelg (~de) (offended, angry)
    geboë (~) (bowed, bent)
    gebore (~) (born)
    gebraai (~de) (grilled, roasted)
    gebreek (~te) (broken, crushed)
    gebrekkig (~e) (faulty, imperfect)
    gebreklik (~e) (disabled, deformed)
    gebroke (~) (broken)
    gebruiklik (~e) (customary)
    gebuk (~ gaan) (~ke) (bent, burdened) adv
    gedaan (gedane) (done, finished)
    gedeeltelik (~e) (partial)
    gedetermineerd (~e) (resolute)
    gedrink (~te) (tipsy, drunk) pred, attr
    gedug (~te) (formidable)
    geduldig (~e) (patient)
    gedurig (~e) (continuous, constant)
    gedwonge (~) (forced)
    geel (~) (yellow)
    geesdriftig (~e) (enthusiastic)
    geestelik (~e) (spiritual, mental)
    geestig (~e) (witty, funny)
    gegewe (~) (given)
    gegoed (~e) (well-to-do, well-off) attr
    gegradueer (~de) (graduate)
    gegrief (~de) (resentful)
    gehard (~e) (tough, tempered)
    gehawend (~e) (tattered)
    geheg (~te) (attached)
    geheim (~e) (secret)
    geheimsinnig (~e) (mysterious)
    geholpe (~) (helped)
    gehoorsaam (..same) (obedient)
    geil (~) (lush, fertile)
    geïllustreer (~de) (illustrated)
    geïnteresseerd (~e) (interested)
    gek (~) (silly, fond of) ʼn gek gevoel (~ke) gekke dinge doen
    gekant (~ teen) (~) (set against)
    geklee (geklede) (dressed)
    geklik (~e) (stupid)
    gekonfyt (~) (skilled, an old hand) pred
    gekrenk (~te) (hurt [fig.] )
    geldelik (~e) (financial) attr, adv
    geldgierig (~e) (avaricious, greedy for money)
    geldig (~e) (valid)
    geleë (~) (situated, convenient)
    geleerd (~e) (learned)
    geleidelik (~e) (gradual)
    geletterd (~e) (literate)
    geliefd (~e) (popular)
    geliefkoos (~de) (favourite)
    geloofwaardig (~e) (credible)
    gelukkig (~e) (happy, lucky, fortunate)
    gelyk (~e) (level, equal)
    gelykop (~)
    gelyktydig (~e) (simultaneous)
    gemaklik (~e) (comfortable, easy)
    gemeen (gemene) (mean, dirty, in common)
    gemeenskaplik (~e) (common, collective)
    gemeng (~de) (mixed)
    gemiddeld (~e) (average)
    genadig (~e) (merciful, lenient)
    geniepsig (~e) (hurting,nasty)
    genotvol (~le) (enjoyable)
    geolie (~de) (oiled, lubricated)
    geoorloof (~de) (permissible)
    gepas (~te) (appropriate, fitting)
    gereed (~) (ready, prepared) pred
    gereël (~de) (arranged)
    gereeld (~e) (regular)
    geregtig (~de) (entitled)
    geregverdig (~de) (justified)
    gerieflik (~e) (comfortable)
    gering (~e) (slight)
    gerus (~te) (at ease, calm)
    gesaghebbend (~e) (authoritative)
    gesamentlik (~e) (joint, total)
    geseënd (~e) (blessed)
    gesellig (~e) (sociable, cosy)
    geset (~te) (stout, corpulent, set)
    geskiedkundig (~e) (historic, historical)
    geskik (~te) (suitable, appropriate)
    geskool (~de) (trained)
    geslaag (~de) (successful)
    geslepe (~) (cunning)
    geslote (~) (closed)
    gesond (~e) (healthy)
    gespanne (~) (tense)
    gespierd (~e) (muscular)
    gespikkel (~de) (speckled, spotted)
    gespits (~te) (pointed)
    gesproke (~) (spoken)
    getrou (~e) (faithful, loyal)
    geurig (~e) (fragrant, tasty)
    gevaarlik (~e) (dangerous)
    gevange (~) (captive, imprisoned)
    gevat (~te) (witty)
    gevleg (~te) (braided, plaited)
    gevlek (~te) (spotted, stained)
    gevoelig (~e) (sensitive)
    gevoelloos (..lose) (callous, numb)
    gevoelvol (~le) (tender)
    gewaag (~de) (risky)
    gewapen (~de) (armed)
    gewelddadig (~e) (violent)
    geweldig (~e) (enormous, mighty)
    gewens (~te) (desired)
    gewese (~) (former, ex-) attr
    gewetenloos (..lose) (unscrupulous)
    gewigtig (~e) (important)
    gewild (~e) (popular)
    gewillig (~e) (willing, ready)
    gewis (~se) (certain)
    gewoon (gewone) (common, normal)
    gewoond (~ aan) (~) (accustomed, used to)
    giftig (~e) (poisonous, venomous)
    gitswart (~) (pitch black)
    glad (~de) (slippery, smooth)
    glashelder (~) (crystal-clear)
    glibberig (~e) (slippery)
    goddelik (~e) (divine)
    goddeloos (..lose) (godless, naughty)
    godsdienstig (~e) (religious, devout)
    goed (goeie) (good)
    goedgelowig (~e) (naïve, credulous)
    goedhartig (~e) (kind-hearted, good-natured)
    goedkoop (~) (cheap)
    goor (~) (nasty)
    gou (~) (quick, soon) pred, adv
    goue (~), attr. (golden, gold-coloured)
    grasgroen (~) (grass-green)
    gratis (~) (free)
    gretig (~e) (keen, eager)
    grieselig (~e) (creepy, gruesome)
    groen (~) (green, unripe)
    grof (growwe) (rough, coarse)
    grondwetlik (~e) (constitutional)
    groot (~) (big, huge) ʼn groot verskeidenheid boeke (grote) die grote God
    grusaam (..same) (gruesome, horrible)
    grys (~) (grey) ʼn grys oggend in Londen (~e) in die gryse verlede
    gulsig (~e) (greedy)
    gunstig (~e) (favourable, opportune)
    guur (gure) (unpleasant, inclement)
    haaks (~) (squared, right-angled, at loggerheads)
    haarfyn (~) (in detail)
    haastig (~e) (hasty, in a hurry)
    haglik (~e) (critical, desperate)
    half (halwe) (half, semi-) attr, adv
    halfjaarliks (~e) (half-yearly, every six months)
    handgemeen (~) (fighting hand to hand) pred
    handig (~e) (handy, clever)
    hans (~) (hand-fed, orphan)
    hard (~e) (hard, loud)
    hardhandig (~e) (harsh, rough)
    hardkoppig (~e) (stubborn)
    hardlywig (~e) (constipated)
    hardnekkig (~e) (obstinate)
    hardvogtig (~e) (callous, hard-hearted)
    hardwerkend (~e) (diligent, hard-working)
    harig (~e) (hairy)
    hartlik (~e) (cordially)
    hartstogtelik (~e) (passionate , passionately)
    hatig (~e) (spiteful, vengeful)
    heel (hele) (whole, entire)
    heeltyds (~e) (fulltime)
    heerlik (~e) (delightful, delicious)
    hees (~) (hoarse)
    heet (~) (hot) heet sonstrale (hete) op hete kole
    heg (~te) (firm, solid)
    heilig (~e) (holy, sacred)
    heimlik (~e) (secret)
    helder (~) (bright, clear)
    helderrooi (~) (bright red)
    hels (~e) (devilish, hellish)
    heuwelagtig (~e) (hilly)
    hewig (~e) (violent, heavy)
    higiënies (~e) (hygienic)
    hinderlik (~e) (annoying, inconvenient)
    hiperkorrek (~te) (hypercorrect)
    hiperkrities (~e) (hypercritical)
    hipermodern (~e) (hypermodern)
    histeries (~e) (hysterical)
    histories (~e) (historical, historic)
    hoër (~) (higher) fondse met hoër opbrengste (~e) gereed vir hoëre louere
    hoflik (~e) (polite)
    hol (~) (hollow) ʼn hol kol op die maag (~le) holle beloftes
    holrug (~) (hackneyed) pred, adv
    hondmak (~) (tame as a dog)
    honger (~) (hungry)
    hoog (hoë) (high)
    hoogdrawend (~e) (pompous)
    hooghartig (~e) (haughty)
    hoogmoedig (~e) (haughty, proud)
    hoogste (~) (highest , utmost)
    hoopvol (~le) (full of hope)
    hopeloos (..lose) (beyond hope, hopeless, hopelessly)
    horisontaal (..tale) (horizontal)
    houtgerus (~te) (unconcerned)
    hubaar (..bare) (eligible, marriageable)
    huidig (~e) (present , current) attr
    huilerig (~e) (crying ,whimpering)
    huislik (~e) (domestic, homely)
    huiwerig (~e) (hesitant)
    hulpeloos (..lose) (helpless , helplessly)
    hulpvaardig (~e) (cooperative, helpful)
    humeurig (~e) (moody)
    hups (~e) (lively)
    ideaal (ideale) (ideal)
    idiomaties (~e) (idiomatic)
    immoreel (..rele) (immoral)
    imposant (~e) (impressive)
    indirek (~te) (indirect)
    individueel (..duele) (individual)
    indringend (~e) (penetrating)
    indrukwekkend (~e) (impressive)
    industrieel (..triële) (industrial)
    informeel (..mele) (informal)
    ingebore (~) (innate)
    ingedagte (~) (lost in thought)
    ingemaak (~te) (canned)
    ingenome (~) (pleased)
    ingeskrewe (~) (registered)
    ingeslote (~) (enclosed)
    ingetoë (~) (modest)
    ingewikkeld (~e) (complicated)
    ingrypend (~e) (far-reaching)
    inhalig (~e) (greedy)
    inheems (~e) (indigenous)
    inmekaar (~) (together, into each other) pred, adv
    innig (~e) (intimate, sincere)
    inskiklik (~e) (obliging, accommodating)
    inspannend (~e) (strenuous)
    intelligent (~e) (intelligent)
    interessant (~e) (interesting)
    interkerklik (~e) (interdenominational)
    internasionaal (..nale) (international)
    intiem (~e) (intimate)
    irrasioneel (..nele) (irrational)
    jaarliks (~e) (annual, every year)
    jags (~e) (lecherous, on heat)
    jaloers (~e) (jealous)
    jammer (~), pred. (sorry)
    jeugdig (~e) (youthful, juvenile)
    jeukerig (~e) (itching)
    jolig (~e) (jolly)
    jonk (jong) (young, late) ʼn jong student (jonge) met die jonge Marie aan jou sy
    junior (~) (junior)
    kaal (~) (naked, bald) ʼn kaal bolyf (kale) bly slegs die kale beendere oor
    kaalgat (~) (stark naked)
    kaalkop (~) (bald head)
    kaalvoet (~) (barefoot)
    kaduks (~e) (dog-tired, finished)
    kalm (~) (calm) kalm denke (~e) met ʼn kalme waardigheid
    kapabel (~) (likely to)
    kapot (~) (gone to pieces, exhausted) pred
    karig (~e) (scant, scantily)
    kastig (~e) (so-called, as if)
    katools (~e) (on heat)
    katswink (~) (dazed) pred
    katterig (~e) (catty, quarrelsome)
    kenmerkend (~e) (characteristic)
    kersregop (~) (bolt upright)
    kielierig (~e) (ticklish)
    kiertsregop (~) (bolt upright)
    kieskeurig (~e) (particular)
    kiets (~) (quits, even) pred
    kinderagtig (~e) (childish, silly)
    kinderlik (~e) (childlike, innocent)
    kinderloos (..lose) (childless)
    kinds (~e) (senile)
    klaar (~) (finished, ready)
    klaarblyklik (~e) (obvious)
    klaarpraat (met) (~) (done, finished) pred
    klam (~) (damp)
    klein (~) (little, small) ʼn klein dorpie (~e) die kleine Mpondo
    kleinserig (~e) (over-sensitive)
    klerklik (~e) (clerical)
    klewerig (~e) (sticky)
    kliphard (~e) (as hard as stone)
    klipperig (~e) (stony)
    klokhelder (~) (clear as a bell)
    knap (~) (smart)
    knaphandig (~e) (skilful)
    knorrig (~e) (grumpy)
    knus (~) (snug, cosy)
    koddig (~e) (funny, odd)
    koel (~) (cool, chilly) koel weer (~e) ʼn gesindheid van koele afsydigheid
    koelbloedig (~e) (cold-blooded)
    koelerig (~e) (rather cool, fresh)
    kolonialisties (~e) (colonialist)
    kolossaal (..sale) (colossal)
    komieklik (~e) (funny)
    komies (~e) (comical)
    kommersieel (..siële) (commercial)
    kompak (~te) (compact)
    koninklik (~e) (royal)
    konsekwent (~e) (consistent)
    konserwatief (..tiewe) (conservative)
    koorsagtig (~e) (feverish, urgent)
    koorsig (~e) (feverish)
    koppig (~e) (stubborn, obstinate)
    kordaat (..date) (bold, brave)
    korrek (~te) (correct)
    kort (~) (short, brief) (~e) van korte duur
    kortaf (~) (blunt, abrupt)
    kortgebakerd (~e) (short-tempered)
    kortgebonde (~) (short-tempered)
    kosbaar (..bare) (precious)
    kosteloos (..lose) (free)
    koud (koue) (cold)
    koulik (~e) (sensitive to cold)
    kragtig (~e) (powerful)
    kranksinnig (~e) (crazy, insane)
    krimineel (..nele) (criminal)
    kritiek (~e) (crucial, very important)
    krities (~e) (critical)
    krom (~) (curved, bent)
    kru (~) (coarse)
    kuis (~) (chaste) ʼn kuis neklyn (~e) die kuise Josef probeer verlei
    kultureel (..rele) (cultural)
    kundig (~e) (knowledgeable)
    kunsmatig (~e) (artificial)
    kunstig (~e) (artistic)
    kurkdroog (..droë) (as dry as cork)
    kwaad (kwater, kwaadste) (angry, serious, strict) pred
    kwaad (kwade, erger, ergste) (bad, evil) met kwade bedoelings
    kwaai (~) (bad-tempered, strict, difficult) ʼn kwaai hond, kwaai woorde, ʼn kwaai opdraande
    kwetsend (~e) (hurtful, offensive)
    laag (lae) (low)
    laasgenoemde (~) (latter) attr
    laaste (~) (last)
    laat (~) (late) ʼn laat stadium (late) ten spyte van die late uur
    laf (lawwe) (senseless, tasteless)
    lafhartig (~e) (cowardly)
    lagwekkend (~e) (funny)
    laks (~) (lazy) die laks werknemer (~e) die spelers se lakse houding
    lam (~) (lame)
    langdurig (~e) (prolonged, protracted,chronic)
    langsaam (..same) (slow, slowly)
    lank (lang) (long) lang gesprekke (lange) op die lange duur
    lastig (~e) (troublesome, difficult)
    lawaaierig (~e) (noisy)
    ledig (~e) (idle)
    leeg (leë) (empty, unoccupied)
    leergierig (~e) (eager to learn)
    leersaam (..same) (instructive)
    lekker (~) (nice, pleasant, good, well, very)
    lekkerlyf (~) (tipsy)
    lelik (~e) (ugly, nasty, grave)
    lendelam (~) (ramshackle)
    letterlik (~e) (literal)
    lewendig (~e) (lively, living)
    lewenslank (..lange) (lifelong)
    lewenslustig (~e) (spirited, full of life)
    liberaal (liberale) (liberal, broad-minded)
    liederlik (~e) (dirty, filthy)
    lief (liewe) (dear, sweet, kind)
    lieflik (~e) (lovely)
    lig (~te) (light)
    liggelowig (~e) (gullible)
    ligsinnig (~e) (frivolous)
    linkerkantse (~) (left-hand)
    links (~e) (left-handed, leftist)
    linkshandig (~e) (left-handed)
    listig (~e) (cunning, sly)
    literêr (~e) (literary)
    log (~ge) (cumbersome)
    logies (~e) (logical)
    lokaal (lokale) (local)
    lokatief (..tiewe) (locative)
    lomerig (~e) (drowsy)
    lomp (~) (clumsy) ʼn groot en lomp staatsdiens (~e) die lompe hantering van hierdie saak
    lonend (~e) (worthwhile)
    los (~) (loose) ʼn los donkie (~e) van losse sedes
    lou (~) (lukewarm)
    louter (~) (sheer) louter plesier (~e) loutere onsin
    lowergroen (~) (bright green)
    lughartig (~e) (light-hearted)
    lugtig (~e) (wary)
    lui (~) (lazy) lui mense (~e) die luie lummel
    luid (~e) (loud)
    luidkeels (~e) (at the top of one's voice)
    luidrugtig (~e) (noisy, rowdy)
    luisterryk (~e) (lustrous, magnificent)
    lusteloos (..lose) (listless, spiritless)
    lydend (~e) (suffering)
    lywig (~e) (thick, corpulent)
    maandeliks (~e) (monthly)
    maatskaplik (~e) (social)
    maer (~) (lean, thin)
    magteloos (..lose) (powerless)
    mak (~) (tame)
    maklik (~e) (easy)
    mal (~) (mad, crazy) die mal perd opsaal (~le) die malle gejaag, my malle moer
    manjefiek (~e) (magnificent)
    mank (~) (limping)
    manlik (~e) (male, masculine)
    massief (..siewe) (massive)
    matig (~e) (moderate)
    medies (~e) (medical)
    meerdere (~) (greater)
    meeste (~), attr (most)
    meesterlik (~e) (masterly, brilliant)
    melaats (~e) (leprous)
    menslik (~e) (human)
    menswaardig (~e) (decent, worthy of a human being)
    merkbaar (..bare) (noticeable)
    merkwaardig (~e) (remarkable)
    middeljarig (~e) (middle-aged)
    middelmatig (~e) (mediocre)
    middelste (~) (central) attr
    mildelik (~e) (lavishly, liberally)
    militêr (~e) (military)
    min (~) (few, little, minus, less)
    minder (~) (fewer, less) minder kennis (~e) in mindere of meerdere mate
    minderwaardig (~e) (inferior)
    minste (~) (fewest, least) attr
    mis (~) (amiss, wrong) pred, adv
    misleidend (~e) (misleading)
    mislik (~e) (horrible, sick, nauseous)
    mismoedig (~e) (discouraged)
    misterieus (~e) (mysterious)
    mistig (~e) (foggy, misty)
    modderig (~e) (slushy, muddy)
    modern (~e) (modern)
    modieus (~e) (stylish)
    moedeloos (..lose) (discouraged)
    moedig (~e) (courageous)
    moedswillig (~e) (wilful, mischievous)
    moeg (moeë) (tired)
    moeilik (~e) (difficult)
    mondeling (~e) (oral)
    mondig (~e) (of age)
    mooi (~) (beautiful, nice) die mooi foto’s (~e) in die mooie Kaap
    moontlik (~e) (possible)
    moorddadig (~e) (murderous)
    morbied (~e) (morbid)
    morsaf (~) (clean off)
    morsdood (..dooie) (stone-dead)
    morsig (~e) (messy)
    muf (muwwe) (mouldy)
    musikaal (musikale) (musical)
    muwwerig (~e) (rather musty)
    naak (~te) (nude, naked)
    naamloos (..lose) (anonymous)
    naar (nare) (sick, unpleasant, awful)
    naaste (~) (nearest)
    naburig (~e) (neighbouring)
    naby (~e) (close)
    nabygeleë (~) (nearby)
    nadelig (~e) (detrimental)
    nader (~e) (nearer)
    nadruklik (~e) (emphatically)
    nagblind (~e) (night-blind)
    nagraads (~e) (post-graduate)
    naïef (naïewe) (naive)
    nakend (~e) (naked)
    nalatig (~e) (negligent)
    na-oorlogs (~e) (post-war)
    nasaal (nasale) (nasal)
    nasionaal (..nale) (national)
    nat (~) (wet, moist)
    natterig (~e) (rather wet)
    natuurgetrou (~e) (true to nature)
    natuurlik (~e) (natural)
    naywerig (~e) (envious, jealous)
    nederig (~e) (modest, humble)
    neerbuigend (~e) (condescending)
    neerdrukkend (~e) (depressing)
    neerhalend (~e) (derogatory)
    neerslagtig (~e) (despondent)
    negatief (..tiewe) (negative)
    nerf-af (~) (with skin chafed off)
    netelig (~e) (thorny, delicate)
    netjies (~e) (neat, nice)
    neusoptrekkerig (~e) (snooty, choosy)
    neutraal (neutrale) (neutral)
    nie-amptelik (~e) (unofficial)
    nietig (~e) (insignificant, invalid)
    niksbeduidend (~e) (insignificant)
    niksseggend (~e) (meaningless)
    niksvermoedend (~e) (unsuspecting)
    nikswerd (~) (worthless)
    nimlik (~e) (very same)
    nodig (~e) (necessary)
    nonchalant (~e) (casual)
    noodlottig (~e) (fatal)
    noodsaaklik (~e) (necessary, essential)
    noodwendig (~e) (inevitable, necessarily)
    noordelik (~e) (northern)
    normaal (normale) (normal)
    nors (~) (grumpy) ʼn nors buurvrou (~e) die norse Katrien
    nostalgies (~e) (nostalgic)
    nou (~e) (narrow)
    nougeset (~te) (meticulous)
    noukeurig (~e) (close(ly), precise(ly))
    nugter (~) (sober) op ʼn nugter maag (~e) nugtere ontleding
    nukkerig (~e) (sulky)
    numeries (~e) (numerical)
    nutteloos (..lose) (useless)
    nuttig (~e) (useful)
    nuuskierig (~e) (inquisitive)
    nuut (nuwe) (new)
    nuwerwets (~e) (modern, new-style)
    nydig (~e) (envious, jealous)
    nypend (~e) (nipping)
    objektief (..tiewe) (objective)
    oënskynlik (~e) (apparent)
    oeroud (..oue) (ancient)
    olierig (~e) (oily)
    olik (~e) (unwell)
    Olimpies (~e) (Olympic)
    omgekrap (~te) (untidy)
    omgekrap (~te) (irritable)
    omgeslaan (~de, omgeslane) (overturned)
    omliggende (~) (surrounding)
    omsigtig (~e) (cautious)
    omslagtig (~e) (roundabout)
    omstrede (~) (controversial)
    onaangenaam (..name) (unpleasant)
    onaanvaarbaar (..bare) (unacceptable)
    onaardig (~e) (unpleasant)
    onaf (~) (incomplete)
    onafgebroke (~) (incessantly)
    onafhanklik (~e) (independent)
    onafwendbaar (..bare) (inevitable)
    onbaatsugtig (~e) (unselfish)
    onbarmhartig (~e) (merciless)
    onbeantwoord (~e) (unanswered)
    onbedaarlik (~e) (uncontrollable)
    onbedagsaam (..same) (inconsiderate)
    onbeduidend (~e) (insignificant)
    onbegaanbaar (..bare) (impassable)
    onbegonne (~) (impossible, not possible to start) attr
    onbegryplik (~e) (incomprehensible)
    onbeholpe (~) (clumsy)
    onbehulpsaam (..same) (unhelpful)
    onbekend (~e) (unknown)
    onbepaald (~e) (indefinite)
    onbereikbaar (..bare) (inaccessible)
    onberispelik (~e) (impeccable)
    onbeskaaf (~de) (uncivilised)
    onbeskof (~te) (rude)
    onbetaald (~e) (unpaid)
    onbetaamlik (~e) (improper, indecent)
    onbetroubaar (..bare) (unreliable)
    onbevoeg (~de) (incompetent)
    onbevooroordeeld (~e) (unprejudiced)
    onbeweeglik (~e) (unyielding, immovable)
    onbewoonbaar (..bare) (uninhabitable)
    onbewus (van) (~te) (unaware of)
    onbillik (~e) (unfair)
    onbruikbaar (..bare) (unusable)
    ondankbaar (..bare) (ungrateful, thankless)
    ondenkbaar (..bare) (unimaginable)
    onderdanig (~e) (submissive)
    onderduims (~e) (underhand, sly)
    ondergeskik (~te) (subordinate, unimportant)
    onderhewig (aan) (~) (subject)
    onderhorig (~e) (inferior)
    onderhoudend (~e) (entertaining)
    onderling (~e) (mutual)
    onderste (~) (bottom)
    onderstebo (~) (upside-down)
    ondeund (~e) (mischievous)
    ondeurdag (~te) (thoughtless)
    ondeurdringbaar (..bare) (impenetrable)
    ondeursigtig (~e) (opaque)
    ondraaglik (~e) (unbearable)
    ondrinkbaar (..bare) (undrinkable)
    onduidelik (~e) (unclear, indistinct)
    oneerbiedig (~e) (disrespectful)
    oneerlik (~e) (dishonest)
    oneg (~te) (fake, improper)
    oneindig (~e) (endless)
    onervare (~) (inexperienced)
    onfeilbaar (..bare) (infallible)
    ongeduldig (~e) (impatient)
    ongeërg (~de) (careless, casual)
    ongegrond (~e) (unfounded)
    ongehoord (~e) (unheard of)
    ongehoorsaam (..same) (disobedient)
    ongeleë (~) (inconvenient)
    ongeleerd (~e) (uneducated, rude)
    ongeletterd (~e) (illiterate)
    ongelooflik (~e) (incredible)
    ongeloofwaardig (~e) (unreliable, untrustworthy)
    ongelowig (~e) (unbelieving)
    ongelukkig (~e) (unhappy, unfortunate)
    ongelyk (~e) (uneven, unequal, odd)
    ongemaklik (~e) (uncomfortable, uneasy)
    ongemanierd (~e) (ill-mannered, rude)
    ongenaakbaar (..bare) (unapproachable)
    ongeneeslik (~e) (incurable)
    ongeoorloof (~de) (impermissible, illicit, prohibited)
    ongepoets (~te) (ill-mannered)
    ongeregverdig (~de) (unjustified)
    ongerieflik (~e) (uncomfortable, inconvenient)
    ongerus (~te) (worried)
    ongeskeer (~de) (unshaven)
    ongeskik (~te) (unfit, rude)
    ongeskonde (~) (undamaged)
    ongeskool (~de) (unskilled)
    ongesond (~e) (unhealthy)
    ongesteld (~e) (unwell, upset)
    ongetroud (~e) (unmarried)
    ongevoelig (~e) (insensitive)
    ongewapen (~de) (unarmed)
    ongewens (~te) (undesired)
    ongewild (~e) (unpopular)
    ongewoon (..gewone) (unusual)
    ongewoond (~ aan) (~) (unaccustomed)
    ongunstig (~e) (unfavourable, adverse)
    onhandig (~e) (clumsy)
    onherbergsaam (..same) (inhospitable)
    onherstelbaar (..bare) (irreparable)
    onhoflik (~e) (discourteous)
    onhoorbaar (..bare) (inaudible)
    oninteressant (~e) (uninteresting)
    onjuis (~te) (incorrect)
    onkeerbaar (..bare) (unstoppable, incontrollable)
    onklaar (~) (defective)
    onkundig (~e) (ignorant)
    onlangs (~e) (recent)
    onleesbaar (..bare) (illegible)
    onmanierlik (~e) (ill-mannered)
    onmeetbaar (..bare) (immeasurable)
    onmeetlik (~e) (immense, measureless)
    onmenslik (~e) (cruel, inhuman, inhumane)
    onmiddellik (~e) (immediate)
    onmisbaar (..bare) (indispensable)
    onmoontlik (~e) (impossible)
    onnatuurlik (~e) (unnatural)
    onnet (~) (untidy) ʼn onnet baard (~te) onnette tafel
    onnodig (~e) (unnecessary)
    onnosel (~) (stupid) onnosel mense met doktorsgrade (~e) bra onnosele vrae
    onnutsig (~e) (naughty)
    onontbeerlik (~e) (indispensable)
    onooglik (~e) (unsightly)
    onoorwinlik (~e) (unbeatable)
    onoorwonne (~) (unbeaten)
    onopgevoed (~e) (uneducated)
    onophoudelik (~e) (incessant)
    onopsetlik (~e) (unintentional)
    onpaar (~) (mismatched)
    onpadwaardig (~e) (unroadworthy)
    onpartydig (~e) (impartial)
    onplesierig (~e) (unpleasant)
    onprakties (~e) (unpractical)
    onproduktief (..tiewe) (unproductive)
    onredelik (~e) (unreasonable)
    onregeerbaar (..bare) (ungovernable)
    onregstreeks (~e) (indirect)
    onregverdig (~e) (unfair)
    onrusbarend (~e) (alarming)
    onrustig (~e) (restless, anxious)
    onsamehangend (~e) (incoherent)
    onsedelik (~e) (immoral)
    onseker (~e) (uncertain, unsure)
    onselfsugtig (~e) (unselfish)
    onsigbaar (..bare) (invisible)
    onsimpatiek (~e) (unsympathetic)
    onsinnig (~e) (nonsensical, foolish)
    onskadelik (~e) (harmless)
    onskeibaar (..bare) (inseparable)
    onskuldig (~e) (innocent)
    onsmaaklik (~e) (unsavoury, unpleasant)
    onsterflik (~e) (immortal)
    onstuimig (~e) (stormy)
    ontelbaar (..bare) (innumerable, countless)
    ontevrede (~) (dissatisfied)
    onthuts (~te) (upset)
    ontoereikend (~e) (inadequate)
    ontoerekenbaar (..bare) (unanswerable)
    ontroosbaar (..bare) (inconsolable)
    ontrou (~/-e) (unfaithful, disloyal)
    ontsaglik (~e) (enormous, tremendously, hugely)
    ontsettend (~e) (terrible)
    ontslae (~ van) (~) (rid [of])
    ontspanne (~) (relaxed)
    ontsteld (~e) (upset, alarmed)
    ontvlambaar (..bare) (inflammable)
    onvanpas (~te) (inappropriate)
    onveilig (~e) (unsafe)
    onverantwoord (~e) (unjustified)
    onverantwoordelik (~e) (irresponsible)
    onverbeterlik (~e) (unsurpassable)
    onverbiddelik (~e) (relentless)
    onverbloem (~de) (unconcealed)
    onverbonde (~) (uncommitted)
    onverdraagsaam (..same) (intolerant)
    onvergeeflik (~e) (unforgivable)
    onvergeetlik (~e) (unforgettable)
    onvergenoeg (~de) (dissatisfied)
    onverhandelbaar (..bare) (unnegotiable)
    onverklaarbaar (..bare) (inexplicable)
    onverkrygbaar (..bare) (unobtainable)
    onvermydelik (~e) (unavoidable)
    onverskillig (~e) (careless)
    onverstaanbaar (..bare) (incomprehensible)
    onvertaalbaar (..bare) (untranslatable)
    onverwags (~e) (unexpected)
    onvoorbereid (~e) (unprepared)
    onvoorspelbaar (..bare) (unpredictable)
    onvriendelik (~e) (unfriendly)
    onvrugbaar (..bare) (infertile)
    onwaar (onware) (untrue)
    onwaarskynlik (~e) (unlikely)
    onweerstaanbaar (..bare) (irresistible)
    onweerswolk (~e) (thundercloud)
    onwelriekend (~e) (foul-smelling)
    onwettig (~e) (illegal)
    onwillekeurig (~e) (involuntary)
    onwillig (~e) (unwilling, reluctant)
    oop (~) (open) ʼn oop gemoed (ope) met ope arms
    oorbevolk (~te) (over-populated)
    oorbewei (~de) (overgrazed)
    oorbluf (~te) (dumbfounded)
    oorbodig (~e) (unnecessary)
    oorerflik (~e) (hereditary)
    oorganklik (~e) (transitive)
    oorgeërf (~de) (inherited)
    oorgehaal (~de) (all set)
    oorgerus (~te) (over-confident)
    oorgewig (~) (overweight)
    oorhaastig (~e) (hurried)
    oorsees (..sese) (overseas)
    oorspronklik (~e) (original)
    oortollig (~e) (superfluous)
    oortrek (~) (covered)
    oorverdowend (~e) (deafening, ear-splitting)
    oorvloedig (~e) (abundant)
    oorvol (~) (full to overflowing)
    oostelik (~e) (easterly, eastern)
    ooswaarts (~e) (eastward)
    opbouend (~e) (constructive)
    opdraand (~e) (uphill)
    openbaar (..bare) (public)
    openhartig (~e) (frank)
    opgebruik (~te) (use up)
    opgeruimd (~e) (cheerful)
    opgeskort (~e) (suspended)
    opgeskote (~) (adolescent)
    opgewek (~te) (light-hearted, upbeat)
    opgewonde (~) (excited)
    oplettend (~e) (attentive)
    oppervlakkig (~e) (superficial)
    opreg (~te) (sincere, genuine)
    opruiend (~e) (inflammatory)
    opsioneel (..nele) (optional)
    opstandig (~e) (rebellious)
    optimisties (~e) (optimistic)
    opvallend (~e) (noticeable, strike)
    opvlieënd (~e) (quick-tempered)
    opwindend (~e) (exciting)
    oranje (~) (orange)
    ordelik (~e) (in an orderly manner)
    ordentlik (~e) (decently)
    orig (~e) (remaining, meddlesome)
    oud (ou) (old) die goeie ou dae (oue) tien jaar oue kind
    ouderwets (~e) (old-fashioned, precocious [child])
    oudmodies (~e) (out of date)
    ouer (~) (older, elder)
    ouerloos (..lose) (parentless, orphan)
    oulik (~e) (cute)
    outentiek (~e) (authentic)
    outomaties (~e) (automatic)
    outyds (~e) (old-fashioned, ancient)
    padvaardig (~e) (ready for the road)
    padwaardig (~e) (roadworthy)
    pakkend (~e) (gripping)
    paniekbevange (~) (panic-stricken)
    paniekerig (~e) (panicky, scared)
    pap (~) (soft, flabby)
    papbroekig (~e) (weak-kneed)
    papnat (~) (soaking wet)
    papsag (~te) (very soft, slushy)
    parallel (~le) (parallel)
    parlementêr (~e) (parliamentary)
    parmantig (~e) (cocky)
    partydig (~e) (partial, prejudiced)
    pasgebore (~) (newborn)
    paslik (~e) (suitable, fitting)
    passief (passiewe) (passive)
    pateties (~e) (pathetic)
    (~) (exhausted)
    peperduur (~) (most expensive)
    perdfris (~) (fit as a fiddle)
    perfek (~te) (perfect)
    periodiek (~e) (periodical)
    permanent (~e) (permanent)
    pers (~) (purple)
    persoonlik (~e) (personal)
    pertinent (~e) (pertinent)
    pessimisties (~e) (pessimistic)
    piekfyn (~) (just fine)
    pienk (~) (pink)
    pieperig (~e) (frail, feeble, thin)
    piepklein (~) (tiny)
    pikdonker (~) (pitch dark)
    pikswart (~) (pitch-black)
    pittig (~e) (pithy, punchy)
    plaaslik (~e) (local)
    plankdun (~) (as thin as a rake)
    plasties (~e) (plastic)
    plat (~) (flat, colloquial)
    platsak (~) (hard up, broke)
    platvloers (~e) (common, coarse)
    plegtig (~e) (solemn, dignified)
    plesierig (~e) (cheerful, pleasant)
    pligsgetrou (~e) (dutiful)
    plomp (~e) (succulent, stout) ʼn plomp lyfie (~e) ʼn kort, plompe dame
    plotseling (~e) (sudden, suddenly)
    pluis (~) (in order) pred.
    poedelkaal (~) (stark naked)
    poedelnaak (..nakend) (..naakte, ..nakende) (stark naked)
    poegaai (~) (dog-tired)
    poepdronk (~) (drunk as a lord)
    politiek (~e) (political)
    polities (~e) (politically) pred, adv
    pootseer (~) (footsore)
    poot-uit (~) (exhausted, dog-tired)
    populêr (~e) (popular)
    pornografies (~e) (pornographic)
    positief (..tiewe) (positive)
    posvry (~) (post-free)
    potensieel (..siële) (potential)
    power (~) (meagre, poor) die Bokke se power vertoning (~e) ʼn powere poging
    praatlustig (~e) (talkative)
    pragtig (~e) (beautiful, lovely)
    prakties (~e) (practical)
    praterig (~e) (talkative)
    prehistories (~e) (prehistoric)
    Presbiteriaans (~e) (Presbyterian)
    presies (~e) (precise, exact)
    prettig (~e) (enjoyable, fun)
    preuts (~e) (prudish)
    prikkelbaar (..bare) (irritable)
    prikkelend (~e) (stimulating)
    primêr (~e) (primary)
    primitief (..tiewe) (primitive)
    privaat (private) (private)
    produktief (..tiewe) (productive)
    professioneel (..nele) (professional)
    progressief (..siewe) (progressive)
    prominent (~e) (prominent)
    promisku (~e) (promiscuous)
    pront (~) (prompt)
    pront-uit (~) (point-blank)
    propvol (~) (chock-full)
    provinsiaal (..siale) (provincial)
    prysenswaardig (~e) (praiseworthy)
    publiek (~e) (public)
    puik (~) (excellent)
    puntenerig (~e) (fussy, particular)
    pynlik (~e) (painful, sore)
    pynloos (..lose) (painless)
    raad-op (~) (at one's wit's end)
    raadsaam (..same) (advisable)
    raaiselagtig (~e) (puzzling, enigmatic)
    raak (~) (to the point, effective)
    raar (rare) (strange, unusual)
    radikaal (..kale) (radical)
    ragfyn (~) (thin as a cobweb) ragfyn handewerk (~e) die ragfyne tapisserieë
    rammetjie-uitnek (~) (swaggering)
    rampspoedig (~e) (disastrous)
    raseg (~te) (true, thoroughbred)
    rasend (~e) (raging)
    raserig (~e) (noisy)
    rasioneel (..nele) (rational)
    rassisties (~e) (racist)
    rats (~) (swift, nimble) met ʼn rats beweging (~e) ratse en akkurate spronge
    realisties (~e) (realistic)
    rebels (~e) (rebellious)
    redelik (~e) (reasonable, quite, fair)
    redeloos (..lose) (irrational)
    redeloos (..lose) (brute, without reasoning)
    reëel (reële) (real)
    reëlmatig (~e) (regular)
    reënerig (~e) (rainy)
    reënwind (~e) (rain wind)
    refleksief (..siewe) (reflexive)
    reg (~te) (right, correct)
    regmatig (~e) (rightful)
    regop (~) (upright, erect)
    regs (~e) (right, right-handed, right-wing, rightist)
    regsgesind (~e) (rightwing, conservative)
    regstreeks (~e) (direct)
    regterkantse (~) (right-hand)
    reguit (~) (straight)
    regverdig (~e) (just, righteous)
    rein (~) (pure, chaste) met ʼn rein gewete (~e) die reine waarheid
    reisvaardig (~e) (ready for the road)
    rekbaar (..bare) (elastic)
    relatief (..tiewe) (relative)
    relevant (~e) (relevant)
    religieus (~e) (religious)
    rêrig (~e) (really)
    respektabel (~e) (respectable)
    reukloos (..lose) (odourless)
    reusagtig (~e) (gigantic)
    revolusionêr (~e) (revolutionary)
    rietskraal (~) (as thin as a rake)
    rigtingloos (..lose) (undirected)
    ritmies (~e) (rhythmical)
    ritueel (...tuele) (ritual)
    roekeloos (..lose) (reckless)
    roemryk (~e) (famous, renowned)
    roerend (~e) (touching, moving)
    roerloos (..lose) (motionless)
    roeskleurig (~e) (rust-coloured)
    roesvry (~e) (rustproof)
    roeswerend (~e) (anti-rust)
    rojaal (..jale) (generous)
    romanties (~e) (romantic)
    romerig (~e) (creamy)
    rond (~e) (round)
    rondborstig (~e) (frank, candid)
    rondgaande (~) (travelling) attr
    rondomtalie (~) (round and round) adv
    rooi (~) (red)
    rooibont (~) (red and white)
    rooibruin (~) (reddish-brown)
    roomkleurig (~e) (cream-coloured)
    rooskleurig (~e) (rosy, pink)
    rotsagtig (~e) (rocky)
    rotsvas (~te) (firm as a rock)
    rou (~) (raw, hoarse) rou vleis (~e) roue krete van opstand
    rouerig (~e) (underdone, half raw)
    ru (~we) (rough, rude)
    rugbaar (~), pred (known)
    ruig (ruie) (bushy, thickly overgrown)
    ruim (~) (spacious, abundant) ʼn ruim vyfslaapkamerhuis (~e) ruime geldelike steun
    ruimhartig (~e) (generous)
    ruiterlik (~e) (openly)
    rukkerig (~e) (jerky)
    rumoerig (~e) (noisy)
    rusiemakerig (~e) (quarrelsome)
    rusteloos (..lose) (restless)
    rustig (~e) (peaceful, tranquil)
    ryk (~) (rich, fertile) ʼn ryk Kaapse familie (~e) ryke erfenis
    ryp (~) (ripe, mature) ryp vrugte (~e) op rype ouderdom
    rypvry (~e) (frostless)
    rysig (~e) (tall)
    saai (~) (dull, unexciting)
    saaklik (~e) (concise)
    saamgesteld (~e) (compound)
    sag (~te) (soft, light)
    saggeaard (~e) (of gentle nature)
    salig (~e) (blessed)
    sanderig (~e) (sandy)
    sappig (~e) (juicy)
    sat (~) (sick and tired of)
    sedelik (~e) (moral)
    sedeloos (..lose) (immoral)
    sedig (~e) (prim)
    seepglad (~de) (as slippery as an eel)
    seer (~) (sore, painful)
    seesiek (~) (seasick)
    seker (~e) (certainly, probably)
    seksueel (seksuele) (sexual)
    seldsaam (..same) (rare)
    selektief (..tiewe) (selective)
    selfbewus (~te) (self-conscious)
    selfde (~) (same) attr
    selfstandig (~e) (autonomous)
    selfsugtig (~e) (selfish, egoistic)
    selfversekerd (~e) (self-confident)
    selfversorgend (~e) (self-supporting)
    semanties (~e) (semantic)
    seniel (~e) (senile)
    senior (~) (senior)
    sensasioneel (..nele) (sensational)
    sensitief (..tiewe) (sensitive)
    sentimenteel (..tele) (sentimental)
    sentraal (sentrale) (central)
    senu[wee]agtig (~e) (nervous)
    senutergend (~e) (nerve-wracking)
    seperig (~e) (soapy)
    seremonieel (..niële) (ceremonial)
    serieus (~e) (serious)
    sesjarig (~e) (six year old)
    sewejarig (~e) (seven year old)
    siek (~) (ill, sick)
    siekerig (~e) (ailing)
    sieklik (~e) (sickly, in bad health)
    sieldodend (~e) (dull, monotonous)
    sielkundig (~e) (psychological)
    sielsiek (~e) (mentally ill)
    siende (~) (seeing)
    sierlik (~e) (graceful, elegant)
    sigbaar (..bare) (visible)
    sigsag (~) (zigzag)
    silwerskoon (~) (spotlessly clean)
    simpatiek (~e) (sympathetic)
    simpel (~) (silly, feeble-minded) die simpel selfoon werk nie (~e) simpele grappies
    sindelik (~e) (clean, tidy)
    sinies (~e) (cynical)
    sinlik (~e) (sensual)
    sinloos (..lose) (senseless, meaningless)
    sinneloos (..lose) (insane)
    sinryk (~e) (full of meaning)
    sintakties (~e) (syntactic)
    sirkelvormig (~e) (circular)
    sistematies (~e) (systematic)
    sjarmant (~e) (charming)
    skaamteloos (..lose) (shameless)
    skadelik (~e) (harmful, damaging)
    skadeloos (..lose) (harmless)
    skamel (~e) (scanty)
    skamerig (~e) (bashful, shy)
    skandalig (~e) (outrageous)
    skandelik (~e) (disgraceful)
    skatlik (~e) (sweet)
    skattig (~e) (sweet)
    skeef (skewe) (skew, crooked)
    skeel (~) (squint-eyed)
    skeibaar (..bare) (separable)
    skelm (~) (sly, cunning)
    skeppend (~e) (creative)
    skepties (~e) (sceptical)
    skerp (~) (sharp) die skerp reaksie (~e) in skerpe teenstelling
    skerpsinnig (~e) (keen-witted, sharp)
    skertsend (~e) (jokingly, in fun)
    skielik (~e) (sudden)
    skietlustig (~e) (trigger-happy)
    skilderagtig (~e) (picturesque)
    skitterend (~e) (sparkling, brilliant)
    skokkend (~e) (shocking)
    skoolsiek (~) (malingering, playing truant)
    skoon (~) (clean, clear, beautiful) skoon water (skone) die skone geslag
    skoonveld (~) (vanished)
    skor (~) (hoarse)
    skotig (~e) (gradually sloping)
    skotvry (~) (scot-free, out of range)
    skouspelagtig (~e) (spectacular)
    skraal (~) (thin, lean) hierdie skraal man (skrale) een skrale moontlikheid
    skrams (~) (grazing, glancing) ʼn skrams blik op die hospitaalbed (~e) ʼn skramse piksoentjie
    skrander (~) (clever, bright)
    skraps (~) (scanty, meagre) ʼn kamer met skraps meublement (~e) ʼn skrapse begroting
    skreeuend (~e) (screaming)
    skreeulelik (~e) (frightfully ugly)
    skreeusnaaks (~e) (screamingly funny)
    skreiend (~e) (crying)
    skriftelik (~e) (written)
    skrikaanjaend (~e) (terrifying)
    skrikkerig (~e) (nervous, afraid)
    skrikwekkend (~e) (frightening, alarming)
    sku (~) (shy, timid) ʼn sku en seldsame jakkals (~we) haar skuwe glimlaggie
    skugter (~) (timid, shy) skugter nagapies en muishonde (~e) ʼn soort skugtere teerheid
    skuins (~) (skew, slanting, oblique)
    skuldig (~e) (guilty)
    skunnig (~e) (salacious)
    skurf (skurwe) (chapped, rough, smutty)
    skynbaar (..bare) (apparent(-ly))
    skynheilig (~e) (hypocritical)
    slaags (~) (came to blows)
    slank (~e) (slim, slender)
    slap (~) (limp, weak)
    slapeloos (..lose) (sleepless)
    slaperig (~e) (sleepy, drowsy)
    sleg (~te) (poor, bad, evil)
    slim (~) (clever, smart) slim planne (~me) die slimme tannie Poppie van die ouetehuis
    slinks (~e) (underhand, cunning)
    slonsig (~e) (slovenly)
    slordig (~e) (untidy, slipshod)
    slu (~) (cunning, wily) slu ogies (~we) die sluwe jakkals
    slymerig (~e) (slimy)
    smaaklik (~e) (tasty, appetising)
    smaakloos (..lose) (tasteless)
    smalend (~e) (sneering)
    smekend (~e) (pleading)
    smerig (~e) (filthy)
    smoorkwaad (~) (enraged)
    snaaks (~e) (funny, odd)
    snaakserig (~e) (rather funny)
    snedig (~e) (cutting)
    snerpend (~e) (biting)
    snikheet (..hete) (sweltering)
    snipperig (~e) (pert, snippy)
    snoesig (~e) (cuddly, comfortable)
    sober (~) (sober) sober gewoontes (~e) sobere sakebeginsels
    soel (~) (sultry)
    soepel (~) (supple) soepel hande (~e) soepele taal
    soet (~) (sweet) sterk swart soet koffie (~e) soete wraak
    soeterig (~e) (rather sweet)
    soetsappig (~e) (namby-pamby, mushy)
    sogenaamd (~e) (so-called)
    solied (~e) (solid)
    somber (~) (sombre, gloomy) ʼn baie somber stemming (~e) sombere pessimisme
    sommige (~) (some)
    sonderling (~e) (strange)
    sondig (~e) (sinful)
    sonnig (~e) (sunny)
    soortgelyk (~e) (similar)
    sorgloos (..lose) (carefree)
    sorgvuldig (~e) (thorough)
    sorgwekkend (~e) (alarming)
    sosiaal (sosiale) (social)
    sosialisties (~e) (socialist)
    soveelste (~) (umpteenth) attr
    spaarsaam (..same) (thrifty)
    spandabel (~e) (extravagant)
    spandabelrig (~e) (extravagant)
    spannend (~e) (tense, exciting)
    spelerig (~e) (playful)
    spesiaal (spesiale) (special)
    spesifiek (~e) (specific)
    speuls (~e) (rutting, on heat)
    spieëlglad (~de) (as smooth as a mirror)
    spierwit (~) (snow white)
    spitsvondig (~e) (witty)
    splinternuut (..nuwe) (brand new)
    spoedig (~e) (soon)
    spoggerig (~e) (swanky, smart)
    spontaan (..tane) (spontaneous)
    spookagtig (~e) (spooky, eerie)
    spoorloos (..lose) (trackless)
    sportief (..tiewe) (sporting)
    sportmal (~le) (crazy about sport)
    spotgoedkoop (~) (dirt-cheap)
    spottend (~e) (mocking, jeering)
    spraaksaam (..same) (talkative)
    sprakeloos (..lose) (speechless)
    sprankelend (~e) (sparkling, scintillating)
    springlewendig (~e) (very much alive)
    sprokiesagtig (~e) (fairy-like)
    spyt (~) (sorry) pred
    staande (~) (standing)
    stabiel (~e) (stable, firm)
    stadig (~e) (slow)
    stamperig (~e) (bumpy)
    stampvol (~) (packed)
    stapelgek (~) (raving mad)
    star (~) (fixed) ʼn star blik (~re) starre eiesinnigheid
    statig (~e) (dignified)
    stedelik (~e) (urban)
    steeks (~) (jibbing)
    steil (~) (steep)
    stekelrig (~e) (thorny, prickly)
    stelselmatig (~e) (systematic)
    stemgeregtig (~de) (entitled to vote)
    stemhebbend (~e) (voiced)
    stemloos (..lose) (voiceless)
    stemmig (~e) (quiet, subdued)
    sterflik (~e) (mortal)
    steriel (~e) (sterile)
    sterk (~) (strong, powerful) sterk swart soet koffie (~e) ʼn sterke derduiwel
    steurend (~e) (disturbing)
    stewig (~e) (firm)
    stikdonker (~) (pitch-dark)
    stil (~) (quiet, calm) ʼn stil en veilige voorstad (~le) ʼn stille versugting
    stip (~te) (accurate, punctual)
    stofdig (~te) (dust-proof)
    stoflik (~e) (material)
    stokblind (~e) (stone-blind)
    stokdoof (..dowe) (stone-deaf)
    stokoud (..ou) (very old)
    stokstyf (..stywe) (as stiff as a poker)
    stom (~,) (dumb) stom getuies (~me) in stomme verbasing
    stomgeslaan (..slane) (astounded, taken aback)
    stomp (~) (blunt)
    stompsinnig (~e) (idiotic)
    stormagtig (~e) (stormy)
    stout (~) (naughty) stout kinders (~e) die stoute karnallies
    straf (strawwe) (severe)
    strafbaar (..bare) (punishable)
    strak (~) (tense, grim) strak gesigte (~ke) ʼn strakke eenvormigheid
    stralend (~e) (radiant)
    strategies (~e) (strategic)
    strelend (~e) (caressing)
    streng (~) (strict, stern) streng eise (~e) aan strenge voorwaardes voldoen
    stroef (stroewe) (grim)
    stroom-op (~) (difficult [of people])
    stroopsoet (~) (as sweet as honey)
    strydlustig (~e) (eager to fight)
    stug (~) (reserved, unfriendly) die stug uitdrukking (~ge) stugge stilswye
    stuitig (~e) (silly)
    stukkend (~e) (broken, in pieces)
    stuurs (~e) (surly, unfriendly)
    styf (stywe) (stiff)
    stylvol (~le) (in good style, elegant)
    subjektief (..tiewe) (subjective)
    subtiel (~e) (subtle)
    subtropies (~e) (subtropical)
    suf (suwwe) (dull, drowsy)
    Suid-Afrikaans (~e) (South African)
    Suid-Amerikaans (~e) (South American)
    suidelik (~e) (southern)
    suidoostelik (~e) (south-easterly)
    suikersoet (~) (sweet as sugar)
    suinig (~e) (stingy)
    suiwer (~) (pure) met haar suiwer stem (~e) ʼn suiwere en objektiewe feiteweergawe
    sulke (~) (such)
    summier (~e) (forthwith)
    suur (~) (sour, unpleasant)
    swaar (~) (heavy, difficult) voor die swaar dae kom (sware) ʼn sware stryd kom
    swaarlywig (~e) (corpulent, stout)
    swaarmoedig (~e) (depressed)
    swak (~) (weak) swak punte (swakke) die swakke enkeling
    swaksinnig (~e) (mentally deficient)
    swanger (~) (pregnant)
    swart (~) (black)
    swartgallig (~e) (pessimistic)
    swierig (~e) (elegant, jaunty)
    swoel (~) (sultry)
    swygsaam (..same) (silent)
    sydelings (~e) (indirect, sidelong)
    taai (~) (sticky, tough) ʼn taai stryd (~e) taaie volharding
    taalkundig (~e) (linguistic)
    taamlik (~e) (quite)
    taktloos (..lose) (tactless)
    taktvol (~le) (tactful)
    talentvol (~le) (talented)
    talle (~) (numerous) attr
    talloos (..lose) (innumerable)
    talryk (~e) (numerous)
    tam (~) (weary)
    tamaai (~) (huge) ʼn tamaai bos blomme (~e) ʼn tamaaie vragmotor vol beeste
    tartend (~e) (provocative)
    tasbaar (..bare) (tangible)
    teenoorgesteld (~e) (opposite)
    teensinnig (~e) (reluctant)
    teenstrydig (~e) (contradictory)
    teenwoordig (~e) (present)
    teer (~) (tender, delicate) ʼn teer onderwerp (tere) tere aanraking
    teësinnig (~e) (reluctant)
    tegemoetkomend (~e) (accommodating)
    tegnies (~e) (technical)
    teleurgesteld (~e) (disappointed)
    temerig (~e) (drawling)
    tenger (~) (fragile, weak)
    terloops (~e) (casual, by the way)
    terneergedruk (~te) (dejected, downhearted)
    teruggetrokke (~) (reserved)
    terughoudend (~e) (reserved)
    tevrede (~) (satisfied)
    tipies (~e) (typical)
    tiranniek (~e) (tyrannical)
    toegeeflik (~e) (lenient)
    toegewyd (~e) (dedicated)
    toekomend (~e) (future)
    toekomstig (~e) (future)
    toelaatbaar (..bare) (permissible)
    toenemend (~e) (increasing)
    toepaslik (~e) (appropriate)
    toereikend (~e) (adequate)
    toerekenbaar (..bare) (accountable)
    toeskietlik (~e) (accommodating, obliging)
    toevallig (~e) (chance, accidental)
    toiingrig (~e) (tattered)
    toonaangewend (~e) (leading)
    topswaar (~) (top-heavy)
    totaal (..tale) (total)
    totalitêr (~e) (totalitarian)
    traag (trae) (slow, lazy)
    traak-my-nie-agtig (~e) (devil-may-care, irresponsible)
    tradisievas (~te) (tradition-bound)
    tradisioneel (..nele) (traditional)
    tragies (~e) (tragic)
    transitief (..tiewe) (transitive)
    treffend (~e) (striking, moving)
    treurig (~e) (sad, miserable)
    triestig (~e) (gloomy, dreary)
    triomfantelik (~e) (triumphant)
    troebel (~e) (turbid, muddy)
    troosteloos (..lose) (inconsolable)
    tropies (~e) (tropical)
    trots (~e) (proud)
    trou (~e) (faithful, loyal)
    troueloos (..lose) (disloyal)
    tuis (~) (at home) pred
    tuisgemaak (~te) (home-made)
    tweedaags (~e) (two-day)
    tweedehands (~e) (second-hand)
    tweetalig (~e) (bilingual)
    tweeweekliks (~e) (bi-monthly)
    twintigste-eeus (~e) (twentieth-century)
    twisgierig (~e) (quarrelsome)
    twyfelagtig (~e) (doubtful)
    tydelik (~e) (temporary)
    tydig (~e) (timely)
    tydrowend (~e) (time-consuming)
    tydsaam (..same) (slow)
    uit-asem (~) (breathless)
    uitbundig (~e) (exuberant)
    uitdagend (~e) (defiant, provocative)
    uitdrukkingloos (..lose) (expressionless)
    uitdruklik (~e) (emphatic)
    uiteenlopend (~e) (divergent)
    uiteindelik (~e) (eventually)
    uiterste (~) (extreme)
    uitgebreid (~e) (extensive)
    uitgedien (~de) (obsolete)
    uitgedos (~te) (dressed up)
    uitgegroei (~de) (full-grown)
    uitgehonger (~de) (starving, craving)
    uitgeknip (~te) (exact)
    uitgelate (~) (elated)
    uitgelese (~) (select)
    uitgeput (~te) (exhausted)
    uitgerek (~te) (drawn out)
    uitgeslape (~) (shrewd)
    uitgesoek (~te) (hand-picked)
    uitgestrek (~te) (extensive, vast)
    uitgeteer (~de) (emaciated)
    uitgevat (~te) (dressed up)
    uitgevreet (..vrete) (big and fat)
    uitgewerk (~te) (answered, extinct)
    uitheems (~e) (outlandish, exotic)
    uithuisig (~e) (not at home)
    uitmuntend (~e) (excellent)
    uitspattig (~e) (loud, excessive)
    uitstaande (~) (outstanding)
    uitstekend (~e) (excellent)
    uitvoerig (~e) (detailed)
    uitwaarts (~e) (outward)
    uitwendig (~e) (external)
    ultramodern (~e) (ultra-modern)
    uniek (~e) (unique)
    universeel (..sele) (universal)
    urelank (..lange) (lasting for hours)
    uvulêr (~e) (uvular)
    vaag (vae) (vague)
    vaak (~) (sleepy)
    vaal (~) (ash-coloured, dull)
    vaalgrys (~) (greyish, mouse-coloured)
    vaardig (~e) (skilful)
    vaderlik (~e) (fatherly)
    vaderloos (..lose) (fatherless)
    vakant (~e) (vacant)
    vakerig (~e) (drowsy)
    vals (~) (false) ʼn vals noot (~e) valse bewerings
    vasberade (~) (determined)
    vasbeslote (~) (resolute)
    vatbaar (..bare) (open to, susceptible to)
    vatterig (~e) (fond of pawing [e.g. girls])
    veelbewoë (~) (eventful)
    veeleisend (~e) (demanding)
    veelkleurig (~e) (multicoloured)
    veelrassig (~e) (multiracial)
    veelseggend (~e) (significant)
    veelsydig (~e) (versatile)
    veeltalig (~e) (multilingual)
    veelvuldig (~e) (multiple)
    veerkragtig (~e) (resilient)
    veglustig (~e) (militant, wanting to fight)
    veilig (~e) (safe, secure)
    vel-af (~) (bruised)
    velêr (~e) (velar)
    veneries (~e) (venereal)
    venynig (~e) (venomous, malignant)
    ver (~) (far) ver plekke (~re) in die verre toekoms
    veraf (~) (far away)
    verafgeleë (~) (faraway, distant)
    veragtelik (~e) (despicable)
    verantwoordelik (~e) (responsible, answerable)
    verban (~ne) (exiled)
    verbasend (~e) (amazing)
    verbluf (~te) (dumbfounded)
    verblydend (~e) (gladdening)
    verbode (~) (prohibited)
    verbonde (~) (attached)
    verbouereerd (~e) (flustered)
    verbrand (~e) (burnt, blooming)
    verbysterd (~e) (bewildered)
    verdag (~te) (suspected, suspicious)
    verdedigend (~e) (defensive)
    verdien (~de) (deserved)
    verdienstelik (~e) (meritorious)
    verdraagsaam (..same) (tolerant)
    verdrietig (~e) (sorrowful, rueful)
    verdwaal (~de) (lost)
    verenig (~de) (united)
    verflenter (~de) (tattered)
    verfoeilik (~e) (detestable)
    verfrissend (~e) (refreshing)
    verfynd (~e) (refined)
    vergeefs (~e) (in vain)
    vergeetagtig (~e) (absent-minded)
    vergelykend (~e) (comparative)
    vergesog (~te) (far-fetched)
    vergewensgesind (~e) (forgiving)
    vergiftig (~de) (poisoned)
    verkieslik (~e) (preferable)
    verkrygbaar (..bare) (obtainable)
    verkwikkend (~e) (refreshing)
    verlate (~) (deserted, lonely)
    verlede (~) (last, past)
    verleë (~) (embarrassed)
    verleidelik (~e) (seductive, tempting)
    verlief (~de) (in love)
    verloof (~de) (engaged)
    vermaaklik (~e) (amusing, entertaining)
    vermeende (~) (suspected)
    vermetel (~e) (shameless)
    vermoeiend (~e) (tiring)
    vernaam (..name) (important, distinguished)
    vernederend (~e) (humiliating)
    vernielsugtig (~e) (destructive)
    verniet (~) (free, in vain)
    vernietigend (~e) (destructive, slashing)
    vernuftig (~e) (ingenious)
    verontwaardig (~de) (indignant)
    verplig (~te) (compulsory, obliged)
    verpligtend (~e) (compulsory)
    verraderlik (~e) (treacherous)
    verrassend (~e) (surprising)
    verregaande (~) (outrageous)
    verreikend (~e) (far-reaching)
    versadig (~de) (satisfied [appetite])
    versigtig (~e) (careful)
    verskriklik (~e) (terrible, horrible)
    verskuldig (~de) (due)
    verslaaf (~de) (addicted)
    verslae (~) (dumbfounded)
    verslete (~) (threadbare)
    verslons (~te) (slovenly, untidy)
    versot (~ op) (~) (keen)
    verspot (~te) (silly)
    verstandelik (~e) (mental)
    verstandig (~e) (sensible, intelligible)
    versteen (~de) (petrified)
    verstom (~de) (speechless, dumbfounded)
    verstreke (~) (expired)
    verteenwoordigend (~e) (representative)
    verteerbaar (..bare) (digestible)
    vertikaal (..kale) (vertical)
    vertraag (~de) (retarded, delayed)
    vertroud (~e) (trusty, familiar [with])
    vertroulik (~e) (confidential)
    vervalle (~) (dilapidated, emaciated [face])
    vervals (~te) (forged, counterfeit)
    vervelend (~e) (boring)
    vervelig (~e) (boring)
    vervlakste (~) (damned, confounded)
    vervloek (~te) (damned, cursed)
    verwaand (~e) (arrogant, conceited)
    verwaarloos (~te) (neglected)
    verwant (~e) (related)
    verward (~e) (confused, bewildered)
    verwese (~) (dazed, stunned)
    verwoed (~e) (fierce)
    verwoes (~te) (devastated)
    verwoestend (~e) (devastating)
    verwyf (~de) (effeminate)
    vet (~) (fat)
    vetterig (~e) (greasy, fattish)
    vierhoekig (~e) (quadrangular)
    vierkantig (~e) (square)
    viertalig (~e) (quadrilingual)
    viervoetig (~e) (quadruped)
    vies (~) (annoyed)
    vieserig (~e) (rather disgusted)
    vieslik (~e) (filthy)
    viets (~e) (spruce)
    vindingryk (~e) (ingenious, resourceful)
    vingeralleen (~) (all alone)
    vinnig (~e) (fast, quick)
    vitterig (~e) (fault-finding, carping)
    vlak (~) (shallow)
    vleiend (~e) (flattering, complementing)
    vlekvry (~e) (stainless)
    vloeibaar (..bare) (liquid)
    vlootblou (~) (navy blue)
    vlot (~) (fluent)
    vlugtig (~e) (brief, casual)
    voedsaam (..same) (nourishing)
    voëlvry (~) (outlawed)
    voetseer (~) (footsore)
    vogtig (~e) (damp, humid)
    vol (~) (full) ʼn vol glas (~le) die volle tydperk
    voldoende (~) (sufficient)
    voldonge (~feit) (~) (accomplished fact, fait accompli) attr
    volgende (~) (next) attr
    volkome (~) (complete)
    volledig (~e) (full, complete)
    volmaak (~te) (perfect)
    volop (~) (abundant, plentiful)
    volslae (~) (complete) attr
    voltallig (~e) (all present)
    voltooid (~e) (complete)
    voltyds (~e) (full-time)
    volwasse (~) (adult, mature)
    voorafgaande (~e) (preceding)
    voorbarig (~e) (rash, foreward)
    voorbeeldig (~e) (exemplary)
    voordelig (~e) (advantageous, profitable)
    voorgeskrewe (~) (prescribed)
    voorlaaste (~) (penultimate, last but one)
    voorlopig (~e) (provisional)
    voormalig (~e) (former, onetime)
    voorskools (~e) (pre-school)
    voorspoedig (~e) (prosperous)
    voorsprong (~e) (advantage, lead)
    voorste (~) (front, first) attr
    voortdurend (~e) (continuous)
    voortreflik (~e) (excellent)
    voortvarend (~e) (rash, impetuous)
    vooruitstrewend (~e) (progressive)
    voos (~) (perished, spongy)
    vorige (~) (previous, former) attr
    vorstelik (~e) (princely, royal)
    vraatsugtig (~e) (gluttonous)
    vrank (~) (acrid)
    vredeliewend (~e) (peace-loving)
    vreedsaam (..same) (peaceful)
    vreemd (~e) (strange)
    vreesaanjaend (~e) (terrifying, fearsome)
    vreeslik (~e) (terrible)
    vrekkerig (~e) (stingy)
    vriendelik (~e) (friendly, kind)
    vriendskaplik (~e) (friendly [match])
    vroeër (~e) (earlier, former) attr, adv
    vroeg (vroeë) (early)
    vroegtydig (~e) (early, in good time)
    vrolik (~e) (cheerful, merry)
    vroom (~) (pious, sanctimonious) ʼn vroom teologiese student (vrome) onder ʼn vrome dekmantel
    vrot (~) (rotten, feeble [inf.])
    vrotsig (~e) (incompetent, feeble)
    vroulik (~e) (feminine, female)
    vrugbaar (..bare) (fertile, fruitful)
    vrugteloos (..lose) (fruitless, futile)
    vry (~e) (free)
    vrygelate (~) (freed, released)
    vrygewig (~e) (generous)
    vrypostig (~e) (forward, pert)
    vrywillig (~e) (voluntary)
    vuil (~) (dirty, filthy) ʼn klomp vuil gesiggies (~e) ʼn vuile sondaar
    vulgêr (~e) (vulgar)
    vurig (~e) (fiery, fervent)
    vuurvas (~te) (fire-proof)
    vuurwarm (~) (boiling hot, red-hot)
    vyandelik (~e) (enemy, hostile)
    vyandig (~e) (hostile)
    waaghalsig (~e) (reckless, daring)
    waaksaam (..same) (watchful, vigilant)
    waansinnig (~e) (insane)
    waar (ware) (true, real)
    waardeloos (..lose) (worthless)
    waardevol (~le) (valuable)
    waardig (~e) (dignified)
    waarnemend (~e) (acting)
    waarskynlik (~e) (probable)
    waffers (~e) (quite good)
    wakker (~) (awake, alert)
    walglik (~e) (nauseating, sickening)
    wanhopig (~e) (desperate)
    wankelrig (~e) (wavering, unsteady)
    wanordelik (~e) (disorderly)
    wantrouig (~e) (distrustful, suspicious)
    warm (~) (hot, warm) warm water en seep (~e) met warme nostalgie
    wasig (~e) (hazy)
    waterdig (~te) (waterproof)
    waterig (~e) (watery)
    waterloos (..lose) (waterless)
    waternat (~) (soaking wet)
    waterpas (~) (dead level)
    wederkerend (~e) (reflexive)
    wederkerig (~e) (reciprocal)
    wederregtelik (~e) (illegal)
    wedersyds (~e) (mutual)
    weekliks (~e) (weekly)
    weelderig (~e) (luxurious)
    weemoedig (~e) (melancholy, sad)
    weerbaar (..bare) (able to defend oneself)
    weerbarstig (~e) (unruly)
    weerloos (..lose) (defenceless)
    weersinwekkend (~e) (repulsive)
    weetgierig (~e) (eager for information)
    weinig (~) (little, few)
    wel (~) (well) pred
    welbekend (~e) (well-known)
    weldadig (~e) (glorious, blissful)
    weldeurdag (~te) (well thought out)
    welgemoed (~) (cheerful) pred
    welgeskape (~) (well-formed)
    welgesteld (~e) (well-off)
    welig (~e) (luxuriant)
    welkom (~e) (welcome)
    welmenend (~e) (benevolent)
    weloorwoë (~) (well-considered)
    welopgevoed (~e) (well-educated)
    welriekend (~e) (fragrant)
    welsprekend (~e) (eloquent)
    welvarend (~e) (prosperous)
    welverdiend (~e) (well-deserved)
    welwillend (~e) (benevolent)
    wenslik (~e) (desirable)
    werd (~), pred. (worth)
    wêreldberoemd (~e) (world famous)
    werklik (~e) (real)
    werkloos (..lose) (unemployed)
    werksaam (..same) (employed)
    werksku (~) (work-shy)
    wesenlik (~e) (essential)
    westelik (~e) (westerly, western)
    wetenskaplik (~e) (scientific)
    wetlik (~e) (legal)
    wetties (~e) (legalistic, adhering to the letter of the law)
    wettig (~e) (lawful, legitimate)
    wild (~e) (wild)
    wildvreemd (~e) (utterly strange)
    willekeurig (~e) (arbitrary)
    winderig (~e) (windy)
    windmakerig (~e) (smart, flashy)
    windskeef (..skewe) (lop-sided, skew)
    windstil (~) (windless)
    winsgewend (~e) (profitable)
    wispelturig (~e) (fickle, capricious)
    wisselend (~e) (changing, varying)
    wit (~) (white)
    witterig (~e) (whitish)
    woedend (~e) (furious)
    woelig (~e) (fidgety, busy, turbulent)
    woes (~te) (desolate, wild)
    wolkeloos (..lose) (cloudless)
    wollerig (~e) (woolly)
    wonderbaarlik (~e) (miraculous)
    wonderlik (~e) (wonderful)
    woonagtig (~), pred. (resident, living)
    wraakgierig (~e) (vindictive)
    wrang (~e) (bitter [fig.])
    wreed (wrede) (cruel)
    wreedaardig (~e) (barbarous, brutal)
    wulps (~e) (sexy)
    wyd (wye) (wide)
    wydverspreid (~e) (widespread)
    wys (~e) (wise, sensible)
    ydel (~) (vain, empty) ʼn ydel droom (~e) ydele praatjies
    yl (~) (thin)
    ylhoofdig (~e) (delirious, light-headed)
    ysere (~) (iron [fig.])
    ysig (~e) (icy)
    ysingwekkend (~e) (gruesome, hair-raising)
    yskoud (..koue) (ice cold)
    yslik (~e) (terrible, huge)
    ysterhard (~e) (as hard as iron)
    ystersterk (~) (strong as iron)
    ywerig (~e) (diligent, zealous)
    [hide extra information]
    x Examples of Attributive Adjective Inflection

    Table 1: Examples of Attributive Adjective Inflection
    Adjective Attr. inflection Eng. Restricted use Unmarked Marked/Alternative Example
    absoluut (..lute) (absolute)
    agterdogtig (~e) (suspicious)
    bedremmeld (~e) (sheepish, embarrassed)
    behoorlik (~e) (properly, proper)
    beteuterd (~e) (downcast, embarrassed)
    aaklig (~e) awful, terrible
    aamborstig (~e) short-breathed, asthmatic
    aangeklam (~de) (tipsy)
    aangenaam (..name) (pleasant)
    aangenome (~) (adopted)
    aanhoudend (~e) (continuous , continuously)
    aanloklik (~e) (attractive, alluring)
    aanlyn (~) (online)
    aanstaande (~) (coming, next) attr
    aansteeklik (~e) (contagious, catching)
    aanstellerig (~e) (affected, full of airs)
    aanstootlik (~e) (offensive, obnoxious)
    aantreklik (~e) (attractive)
    aanvaarbaar (..bare) (acceptable)
    aanvallend (~e) (aggressive)
    aanvallig (~e) (charming)
    aanwesig (~e) (present)
    abnormaal (..male) (abnormal)
    adellik (~e) (noble)
    afdraand (~e) (down-hill)
    afgunstig (~e) (jealous, envious)
    afskuwelik (~e) (horrible , detestable)
    afsonderlik (~e) (separate)
    afstootlik (~e) (repulsive)
    afsydig (~e) (aloof)