• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
Lower degree comparative
quickinfo

The minorative is a periphrastic comparative that is used to express a lower degree, that is, by means of the word minderless, as in:

Example 1

die minder gegoede deel van ons gemeenskap
the less well-to-do part of our community

The majorative (the ordinary comparative), on the other hand, is used to express a higher degree, either by means of the comparative suffix -(d)er or periphrastically by means of the word meermore, as illustrated in the following examples:

Example 2

die ryk·er kapitalistiese klas
the richer capitalist class
Example 3

die meer gegoede voorstede
the more well-to-do suburbs
readmore
[+] Read more

The comparative adjective is normally used to express a higher degree (majorative), mostly in relation to another object, activity or quality, which may be stated explicitly or not.

Majorative:

Example 4

Frik is slimm·er as Willem.
Frik is smarter than Willem.
Example 5

aangesien die aarde vinnig·er as Mars om die son beweeg
since the earth faster than Mars around the sun moves
since the earth moves faster around the sun than Mars"
Example 6

Die motors voor hom begin stadig·er en stadig·er ry.
the cars before him begin more.slowly and more.slowly drive
The cars in front of him start driving more and more slowly.

However, it is also possible to express the opposite relation, namely a lower degree (minorative). The minorative is always formed by putting the word minderless in front of the adjective, just as the majorative may by formed by putting the word meermore in front of the adjective, as in this example:

Example 7

aandele ook vir minder ryk beleggers
shares also for less rich investors

While the majorative can also (and is mostly) formed by suffixing the morpheme -(d)er to the adjective, there is no comparable morphological means of forming a minorative, nor are there irregular minoratives.

References:
    Suggestions for further reading ▼
    phonology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • The phonotactics of Afrikaans
      [74%] Afrikaans > Phonology > Phonotactics
    • Homorganic glide insertion
      [73%] Afrikaans > Phonology > Phonological Processes
    • Nasalization
      [73%] Afrikaans > Phonology > Phonological Processes > Vowel related processes
    • Rhotacism
      [71%] Afrikaans > Phonology > Phonological Processes > Consonant related processes
    • d-deletion
      [71%] Afrikaans > Phonology > Phonological Processes > Consonant related processes > Consonant cluster simplification: Overview
    Show more ▼
    morphology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • Degree
      [79%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Adjectives
    • In prenominal position
      [78%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Adjectives
    • -DIM (diminutive)
      [78%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes > Noun as base
    • Cardinal numbers
      [77%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Numerals
    • Ellipsis
      [77%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Adjectives
    Show more ▼
    syntax
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • 4.1.1. Overview
      [81%] Dutch > Syntax > Adjectives and Adjective Phrases > 4 Projection of adjective phrases III: Comparison > 4.1. Equative, comparative and superlative formation
    • 3.1.3. Modification by a complex intensifying phrase
      [79%] Dutch > Syntax > Adjectives and Adjective Phrases > 3 Projection of adjective phrases II: Modification > 3.1. Modification of scalar adjectives
    • 3.5. Special cases
      [79%] Dutch > Syntax > Adjectives and Adjective Phrases > 3 Projection of adjective phrases II: Modification
    • 6.3. Supplementive use of the adjective
      [79%] Dutch > Syntax > Adjectives and Adjective Phrases > 6 Predicative use of the adjective phrase
    • 4.2.1.2. Non-spatial constructions
      [79%] Dutch > Syntax > Adpositions and adpositional phrases > 4 Syntactic uses of the adpositional phrase > 4.2. Predicative use of adpositional phrases > 4.2.1. Complementives
    • Superlative
      [83%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Adjective Phrases > Comparison by comparative, superlative and equative degree
    • Modification
      [80%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Adjective Phrases > Comparison by comparative, superlative and equative degree > Superlative
    • The comparative complement
      [80%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Adjective Phrases > Comparison by comparative, superlative and equative degree > Comparative > Lower degree comparative
    • Mood
      [79%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 1. Characterization and classification
    • Equative
      [78%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Adjective Phrases > Comparison by comparative, superlative and equative degree
    Show more ▼
    cite
    print
    This is a beta version.