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An inherent comparative

The adjective anderother, different, else behaves as an inherent comparative, in that it contains an implicit comparison with another adjective, whether mentioned or not.

Example 1

ek sou 'n ander mens wees
I would an other human.being be
I would be another person

It differs from other adjectives in that (a) although it also functions as a partitive, e.g.

Example 2

Het daar iets anders gebeur?
has there something else.PVT.GEN happened
Has something else happened?

the predicative form also ends in -s, as can be seen from these examples, in particular (4) below:

Example 3

Dis heeltemal 'n ander saak.
it's totally a different matter
It's a totally different matter.
Example 4

Die situasie is heeltemal ander·s.
The situation is totally different.
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The adjective anderother, different, else behaves in a peculiar way in comparison to other adjectives. It appears in undeclined form in the attributive position, for example die ander saakthe other matter, as can also be seen in the following construction:

Example 5

Sy het 'n ander en beter fiets gekoop as haar man.
she bought an other and better bicycle than her husband
She bought a different and better bicycle than her husband.

and also with the normal partitive suffix -s, as in iets ander·ssomething else, different. However, the suffix is also required in both predicative and adverbial positions, as can be seen in the examples below, and may be coordinated with ordinary comparative adjectives:

Example 6

Hierdie fliek is anders en verfrissend.
This film is different and refreshing
Example 7

Hy praat vinniger en anders as wat ek gedink het.
he talks faster and different than that I thought had
He talks faster and different from what I had thought.

While it does not have a comparative (or superlative) form, whether morphological or periphrastic, semantically it behaves as an inherent comparative, as argued in the run-up to example (1) above.

What is further peculiar about anders, is that it has an informal pendant, anderste, which appears to have a superlative suffix -ste, but operates in the same syntactic contexts as anders, as can be seen from these examples:

Example 8

Waag om anderste te wees.
dare PTCL.INF different to be
Dare to be different.
Example 9

vanuit 'n heel anderste hoek
from.out a totally other angle
from a totally different angle
Example 10

'n Griek leef nou maar eenmaal anderste as 'n Jood.
a Greek lives now but once different than a Jew
A Greek simply lives unlike a Jew.

Finally, a similarly informal variant (possibly more informal than anderste) is anderster, which, in addition to the adverbial meaning of 'otherwise', has the same syntactic distribution as anderste, demonstrated by examples (8) to (10). Examples from the same corpus (TK) are presented:

Example 11

Ek wil nou nie weer anderster wees nie ...
I want.to now not again different be NEG
I do not wish to be different again ...
Example 12

Dan was dit 'n baie anderster storie.
then was it a very different story
Then it would have been a totally different story.
Example 13

Hulle het hom anderster laat kyk na die lewe.
they have him different let look at the life
They let hom look differently at life.
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