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Selection for Animacy and for PP
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Adjectives may select an Adposition Phrase (PP) complement, in which case the adjective's subject argument is usually animate:

Example 1

Hy is gek op har
he is crazy on her
he is crazy about her
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If adjectives take a PP argument, then it is generally optional. However, in some cases, omission of the PP argument radically changes the meaning of the adjective. Such cases must be regarded as  idioms from a semantic point of view. Consider the pair of sentences in (2) and (3). There is no non-monotonic meaning change if the PP is omitted. In other words, the first sentence below entails the second one:

Example 2

a. Hylke is lilk op Jantsje
Hylke is angry at Jantsje
Hylke is angry at Jantsje
b. Hylke is lilk
Hylke is angry
Hylke is angry

The same remarks apply to sentences constructed with the following adjectives:

Example 3

a. Fereale op
Enamoured of
b. Skuldich oan
Guilty of

However, the following pair of sentences testifies to a non-monotonic change in meaning in case the PP is omitted. That is, the first sentence below does not entail the second one:

Example 4

a. Feikje is sljocht op Wiebe
Feikje is crazy about Wiebe
Feikje is crazy about Wiebe
b. Feikje is sljocht
Feikje is crazy
Feikje is crazy

The same applies to sentences constructed with the following adjectives:

Example 5

a. Bekend mei
Familiar with
b. Siik fan
Sick of

Adjectives may be subclassified depending on whether or not they impose an animacy restriction on their Noun Phrase (NP) argument functioning as subject. Adjectives partaking in idiomatic combinations tend to be adjectives requiring an animate subject. The development of metaphorical shifts in meaning is more likely to occur with predicates selecting animate subjects. The following sentences show that gekcrazy does not impose an animacy restriction on its subject when it occurs without PP.

Example 6

a. Dat is gek
that is crazy
that is crazy
b. Hy is gek
he is crazy
he is crazy

A metaphorical shift in meaning is typically found when adjectives like gekfond, crazy select a PP. This correlates with the fact that they require an animate subject when selecting a PP:

Example 7

a. Hy is gek op har
he is crazy on her
he is crazy about her
b. *Dat is gek op har
that is crazy on her
*that is crazy about her

The choice of the preposition is not always predictable. However, deverbal adjectives, that is, those adjectives which are related to verbs take the same preposition as the corresponding verb:

Example 8

a. It gemaak hinget ek fan it waar ôf
the profit depends also of the weather POST
The profit is also dependent of the weather
b. It gemaak is ek ôfhinklik fan it waar
the profit is also dependent of the weather
The profit is also dependent of the weather
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    • 2.1. Prepositional complements
      [80%] Dutch > Syntax > Adjectives and Adjective Phrases > 2 Projection of adjective phrases I: Complementation
    • 2.2. Nominal complements
      [79%] Dutch > Syntax > Adjectives and Adjective Phrases > 2 Projection of adjective phrases I: Complementation
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      [79%] Dutch > Syntax > Adjectives and Adjective Phrases > 6 Predicative use of the adjective phrase
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      [79%] Dutch > Syntax > Adjectives and Adjective Phrases > 5 Attributive use of the adjective phrase
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