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-ling
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The suffix -ling or its variant -eling can derive nouns from verbs; it then binds the theme argument. Examples are beskermjeto protect > beskermelingward or stjerreto die > stjerlingmortal.

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The suffix mainly derives nouns from adjectives; more details can be found in the topic on -ling with adjective as base.

References:
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    phonology
    • Dutch
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        morphology
        • Dutch
        • Frisian
        • Afrikaans
        • -ig
          [59%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Adjectives > Adjectival suffixes
        • -erig
          [57%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Adjectives > Adjectival suffixes
        • -(e)lijk
          [53%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Adjectives > Adjectival suffixes
        • -zaam
          [53%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Adjectives > Adjectival suffixes
        • -waarts
          [53%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Adverbs > Adverbial suffixes
        • -ling
          [70%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes > Numeral as base
        • -ling
          [67%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes > Noun as base
        • -ling
          [63%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes > Adjective as base
        • -enis
          [63%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes > Adjective as base
        • -sum
          [62%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Adjectival suffixes > Adjective as base
        • -ies (ADJZ)
          [51%] Afrikaans > Morphology > List of affixes
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        syntax
        • Dutch
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        • 2.2.2. Relational nouns
          [51%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 2 Projection of noun phrases I: complementation > 2.2. Prepositional and nominal complements
        • 1.3.3. Relational adjectives
          [51%] Dutch > Syntax > Adjectives and Adjective Phrases > 1 Characteristics and classification > 1.3. A semantic classification
        • 2.2.5.1. Form and position of the arguments
          [51%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 2 Projection of noun phrases I: complementation > 2.2. Prepositional and nominal complements > 2.2.5. Picture and story nouns
        • 2.2.3.3. Ing-nominalizations
          [50%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 2 Projection of noun phrases I: complementation > 2.2. Prepositional and nominal complements > 2.2.3. Deverbal nouns
        • 2.2.4. Deadjectival nouns
          [50%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 2 Projection of noun phrases I: complementation > 2.2. Prepositional and nominal complements
        • Superlative
          [50%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Adjective Phrases > Comparison by comparative, superlative and equative degree
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