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-er
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Historically, the suffix -er forms adjectives from verbs and as to its function, it can be compared with -ich. There are only a few derivations with the unproductive suffix -er. An example is dipperdiligent. It can, however, be questioned if one can speak of derivation in these cases.

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[+] General properties

Adjectives ending in -er[ər] are historically derived from verbs, but the base form can often not be recognized anymore. Examples are given in the table below:

Table 1
Derivation
snippercharming
kwikkercharming
skrederbony
skranderclever
bjustercurious
digerclose
nuvermiraculous
Note that skrederbony can also have the form skredichbony.

Adjectival derivations with -er from verbs are rare and unproductive. A comparative situation occurs with the suffix -el.

[+] Morphological potential

Derivations with -er from verbs can be input for some other suffixes. They can be nominalized by -ens or -heid. For instance in snipperens / snipperheidgrace(fulness). Other adjectives can be formed with the help of -ich or -lik, for instance nuvericha little strange or nuverlikstrange.

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x Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:133). Some more details about this suffix can be found in Sytstra and Hof (1925:92) and Tamminga (1963:238).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
  • Sytstra, Onno H. & Hof, Jan J1925Nieuwe Friesche SpraakkunstLeeuwardenR. van der Velde
  • Tamminga, Douwe Annes1963Op 'e taelhelling. Losse trochsneden fan Frysk taellibben. IBoalsertA.J. Osinga
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