• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
Miscellanea numeralia
quickinfo

Numerals are the base words for a number of more or less productiveword formation processes and construction schemas. The listing below is far from complete:

  • diminutives: tientjeten guilder/euro bill, halfjehalf a serving, certain coin, met zijn drietjeswith our three-DIMthe three of us.
  • plurals: bij vierenby four-PLaround four o'clock, met zijn zevenenwith his seven-PLin a group of seven, in achtenin eight-PLin eight parts.
  • temporal expressions (cf. MPI publications): het is drie uurit is three hourit is three o'clock, het is half vierit is half fourit is half past three, kwart voor vierquarter for fourthree forty five, twintig over zestwenty over six6:20, tien voor half zeventen for half seven6:20, bij vierenby four-en'around four, veertien januari zestieneenentwintigfourteen January sixteen one and twentyJanuary 24th, 1621.
  • synthetic compounds: drietrapsraketthree-trep-s-rocket.
  • measure phrases, such as amounts of money (twee euro zeventigtwo euro seventyE 2.70, twee zeventigtwo seventyE 2.70, drie tonthree tonE 300.000), lengths (twee meter zeventigtwo meter seventy2.70 meters, tweeëneenhalve metertwo and a half meter2.5 meter, twee meter en een halftwo meter and a half2.5 meter.
  • cardinals used as part of names: (tram)lijn vijfstreetcar line five, which may be truncated to yield ik neem lijn vijfI take line five or even ik neem de vijfI take the five.
  • univerbation: tweedehandsautosecond hand car.

readmore

This is work in progress. As the phenomena to be discussed appear not to belong to the core of morphology as it is commonly understood, it may take some time to be finished, if ever.

References:
    Suggestions for further reading ▼
    phonology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    Show more ▼
    morphology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • Derivation: inputs and input restrictions
      [66%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation
    • ont-
      [66%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Verbs > Verbal prefixes
    • The meaning of affixes
      [66%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation
    • Cardinal numerals
      [65%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Numerals
    • -en
      [64%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Adjectives > Adjectival suffixes
    • Ellipsis
      [67%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Adjectives
    • -s
      [67%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Adverbial suffixes > Noun as base
    • Emphasis
      [66%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Adjectives
    • Cardinal numbers
      [66%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Numerals
    • Derivation
      [66%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation
    Show more ▼
    syntax
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • 3.2.1. Passivization
      [65%] Dutch > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 3 Projection of verb phrases II:Verb frame alternations > 3.2. Alternations involving the external argument
    • 1.1.1. Properties of adpositions
      [65%] Dutch > Syntax > Adpositions and adpositional phrases > 1 Characteristics and classification > 1.1. Characterization of the category adposition
    • 12.1. General introduction
      [65%] Dutch > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 12 Word order in the clause IV:Postverbal field (extraposition)
    • 5.2.3.5. Hebben ''to have'' + infinitive
      [65%] Dutch > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 5 Projection of verb phrases IIIb:Argument and complementive clauses > 5.2. Infinitival argument clauses > 5.2.3. Bare infinitivals
    • 11.3.1.3. Islands for question formation
      [65%] Dutch > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 11 Word order in the clause III:Clause-initial position (wh-movement) > 11.3. Clause-initial position is filled > 11.3.1. Wh-questions
    Show more ▼
    cite
    print