• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
Reduplicative compounds
quickinfo

Reduplicative compounds are compounds in which the first constituent is a (partial) copy of the second.  Examples are klop-klop knock-knock and tik-tak tick-tock. They may express a form of repetition of sounds or actions. Most of these compounds belong to the domain of expressive morphology and are phonaesthetic, onomatopoeic, playful, endearing, or pejorative in nature.

Example 1

a. bimbam
ding-dong
b. wissewas
trifle
c. haaibaai
bitch
d. ukkepuk
small child
e. prietpraat
nonsense
f. kissebis
to bicker

The right-hand constituent may not exist by itself as a word, as in kisse-bis.

A second type of reduplicative compounds is made up from compounds such as meisje-meisje girl-girlreal girl. The repetition of the head in the non-head position expresses that the entity denoted possesses the prototypical properties of what the head noun denotes. For instance, a vakantie-vakantie vacation-vacation is a real vacation, not a werk-vakantie work-vacationin which work is still being done. A studie-studie study-studyis a serious course of study, not one with a soft program.

readmore

More examples of reduplicative compounds can be found in (De Haas and Trommelen 1993: 451-453).

References:
  • Haas, Wim de & Trommelen, Mieke1993Morfologisch handboek van het Nederlands. Een overzicht van de woordvormingSDU Uitgeverij
Suggestions for further reading ▼
phonology
  • Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
  • r-deletion
    [74%] Afrikaans > Phonology > Phonological Processes > Consonant related processes > Consonant cluster simplification: Overview
  • Nasalization
    [74%] Afrikaans > Phonology > Phonological Processes > Vowel related processes
  • Rhotacism
    [74%] Afrikaans > Phonology > Phonological Processes > Consonant related processes
  • Final devoicing
    [72%] Afrikaans > Phonology > Phonological Processes > Consonant related processes
  • Phonological processes
    [72%] Afrikaans > Phonology > Phonological Processes
Show more ▼
morphology
  • Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
  • -DIM (diminutive)
    [74%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes > Noun as base
  • In prenominal position
    [73%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Adjectives
  • Weak verbs
    [73%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Verbs
  • Number
    [73%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Nouns
  • Noun as base
    [73%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes
Show more ▼
syntax
  • Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show more ▼
cite
print