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nep-
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Nep- is a category-neutral prefixoid, productively attaching to nouns to form nouns like nepartikelenfake articles and occasionally to adjectives to form words like nepversletenfake worn out. The general meaning is false, imitative, fake.

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Nep-[nɛp] is a category-neutral prefixoid derived from the noun nepfake (as in dat pistool is nepthat gun is fake) or the verb neppento cheat (as in ze hebben me geneptthey have cheated on me), both of which ultimately go back to German Nepp (Etymologiebank). Nep- productively attaches to nouns to form nouns like nepartikelenfake articles and neptaxichauffeurfake taxi driver. Occasionally it also combines with adjectives to form words like nepversletenfake worn out. Nep is an independent phonological word and carries stress. Syllabification respects the morphological boundary: nep-onderhandelingenpseudo-negotiations. The prefixoid is in competion with the foreign prefix pseudo and the indigenous prefixoid namaak. The semantics of formations with nep is compositional, the meaning of the whole being a function of the meaning of the parts, but is not intersective: a neppistoolfake gun is not a type of gun, but rather something that is not a gun, although it shares certain properties with a true gun.

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The syntactic category of nep- is unclear. Dictionaries traditionally categorize it as a noun, so one might also view nep- as a left part of a compound rather than a prefix. However, the alleged noun occurs in predicative position only, without an article, as in dat pistool is nepthat gun is fake. Some users treat nep as an adjective, given internet examples such as Ik kreeg een neppe e-mailI received a fake-e e-email with adjectival inflection; in predicative use, adverbial modification is possible (dat pistool is hartstikke nepthat gun is completely fake) which may be taken as an argument that nep is an adjective in this usage as well. It is also possible that nep- derives from the verb neppencheat (as in ze hebben me geneptthey have cheated me).

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    phonology
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    morphology
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    • -en
      [73%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Adjectival suffixes > Noun as base
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    syntax
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