• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
-matig
quickinfo

The suffix –matig/ˈmatəx/ is mainly used to derive adverbs and adjectives from nouns. The suffix may be preceded by the linking element-s, which is otherwise typical for compounds.

Example 1

a. Beleid-s-matig is dit heel sterk
policy-SUFF is this very strong
From a policy point of view this is very strong
b. Dit voedsel wordt fabriek-s-matig geproduceerd
this food is industry-s-SUFF produced
This food is produced industrially
c. stelsel-matig-e mishandeling
system-SUFF-INFL mistreatment
systematic mistreatment

Example (1c) illustrates that words of this type are also used as adjectives and can inflect accordingly.

readmore

The suffix -matig belongs to the native stratum of the lexicon. It combines productively with nouns to form adverbials and adjectives. In adjectives, the meaning contribution of the suffix is 'in a manner related to …' (as in handmatig hand-SUFFmanually), in adverbs, an additional meaning is available: 'from the point of view of …', as in gedragsmatigbehaviour-s-SUFFbehaviourally. The base can also be a phrase, as in sociaal-gedragsmatigsocial-conduct-s-SUFFrelating to social conduct.

The phonological form of this suffix is that of an independent prosodic word. In complex words, we generally find main stress on the first syllable of –matig and secondary stress on the base word, corresponding to its original main stress location: compare fabriek/faˈbrik/factory > fabrieksmatig/faˌbriksˈmatəx/industrial. However, main stress and secondary stress may be reversed in noun phrases in which the adjective is used attributively, as in stelselmatig/ˌstɛlsəlˈmatəx/systematic > stelselmatige mishandeling/ˈstɛlsəlˌmatəxə mɪsˈhɑndəlɪŋ/systematic mistreatment, probably under influence of the rhythmic contour of the entire phrase.

[hide extra information]
x

The morpheme sequence mat-ig may also appear in denominal adjectives such as middelmatigmediocre derived from the compound noun middelmaatmediocrity. In such cases, there is no suffix –matig involved.

Adverbs in -matig cannot be input for further derivation, but adjectives can be nominalized with --heid: onrechtmatigheidinjustice, doelmatigheideffectiveness.

For more information and discussion, see Diepeveen (2012, chapter 13,online version).

References:
  • Diepeveen, Ariane2012Modifying words. Dutch adverbial morphology in contrast.FU BerlinThesis
Suggestions for further reading ▼
phonology
  • Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show more ▼
morphology
  • Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
  • -gewijs
    [82%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Adverbs > Adverbial suffixes
  • -technisch
    [82%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Adverbs > Adverbial suffixes
  • Adjectival inflection
    [81%] Dutch > Morphology > Inflection
  • Case - the partitive construction
    [81%] Dutch > Morphology > Inflection > Nouns > Case
  • -(e)lijk
    [80%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Adjectives > Adjectival suffixes
  • Cardinal numbers
    [83%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Numerals
  • In prenominal position
    [82%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Adjectives
  • Ellipsis
    [81%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Adjectives
  • -sk
    [81%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Adjectival suffixes > Noun as base
  • Emphasis
    [80%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Adjectives
Show more ▼
syntax
  • Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
  • 1.3.3. Relational adjectives
    [82%] Dutch > Syntax > Adjectives and Adjective Phrases > 1 Characteristics and classification > 1.3. A semantic classification
  • 1.1.1. Properties of adpositions
    [81%] Dutch > Syntax > Adpositions and adpositional phrases > 1 Characteristics and classification > 1.1. Characterization of the category adposition
  • 3.1.2. Modification by an intensifier
    [81%] Dutch > Syntax > Adjectives and Adjective Phrases > 3 Projection of adjective phrases II: Modification > 3.1. Modification of scalar adjectives
  • 1.3.2. Deadjectival nouns
    [81%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 1 Characterization and classification > 1.3. Derivation of nouns
  • 1.1. Syntactic uses
    [81%] Dutch > Syntax > Adjectives and Adjective Phrases > 1 Characteristics and classification
  • Characteristics and classification
    [82%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Adjective Phrases
  • Mood
    [81%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 1. Characterization and classification
  • Inflection and derivation
    [80%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 1. Characterization and classification
  • Root semantics
    [80%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 1. Characterization and classification > 1.5. Tense, modality and aspect > 1.5.2. Modality
  • Constructions with APs
    [80%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Adjective Phrases > Characteristics and classification
Show more ▼
cite
print