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-er
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The adjectival suffix -er /ər/ occurs in a small group of words denoting an association with a particular religious order. Examples are dominicanerDominican, franciscanerFranciscan, kapucijnerCapuchin, karmelieterCarmelite, cisterciënzerCistercian, johannieterHospitaller and kartuizerCarthusian. Many of these adjectives are formed by attaching the suffix to a noun ending in -aan: dominicaanDominican (N) > dominicanerDominican (Adj). In other cases, the nominal is identical in form to the adjective: kartuizerCarthusian (N) > kartuizerCarthusian (Adj), in yet others, either option is possible: franciscaanFranciscan (N) - franciscanerFranciscan (N) - franciscanerFranciscan (Adj).

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Adjectives ending in -er have a relational meaning, so they only occur attributively, never predicatively (though their nominal equivalents can appear as predicates: Hij was franciscaner van top tot teenHe was a every inch a Franciscan). These adjectives are invariable and do not inflect, neither for gender and number nor for degree. -er is a cohering suffix and does not affect the stress pattern of the base. Further derivations from these adjectives do not appear to be possible.

A homophonic affix, also deriving adjectives, is discussed here.

References:
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