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Geographical adjectives ending in -er
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One of the many uses of the suffix -er /ər/ is in geographical adjectives such as Haarlemmerfrom/related to Haarlem, Berlijnerfrom/related to Berlin or Groningerfrom/related to Groningen. The suffix is used most often in fixed combinations such as Edammer kaasEdam cheese or Ardenner hamArdennes ham.

Geographical adjectives in -er can only be used attributively and they do not take inflectional endings.

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[+] General properties, input, stratum, productivity

The geographical suffix -er attaches mainly to native place names. The only case where the base is unambiguously an inhabitant name is MaltaMalta > Maltees(a) Maltese > MaltezerMaltese - this is also one of the incidental cases where the place name is non-native. The affix is productive, although its sister suffix -s is a more usual choice.

Adjectives in -er cannot be used predicatively (*de koek was Groningerthe cake was from Groningen). When used attributively, the adjectives do not inflect.

[+] Phonological properties

The suffix -er is cohering and does not influence the stress of the base word.

[+] Morphological potential

The suffix -er is not available for other derivational processes.

References:
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