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-el
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There are only a few derivations with the suffix -el, it is an unproductive suffix. The suffix -el forms adjectives from verbs and can in its function be compared with -ich. An example is brûketo use > brûkelangry. However, it can be questioned if one can speak of derivation in these cases.

There is a separate suffix -el that derives verbs from other verbs; this is discussed in the topic on -el forming verbs from verbs.

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[+] General properties

Derivations ending in -el[əl] are historically derived from verb stems. However, in most cases the stems and the corresponding verbs cannot be recognized anymore. Examples are given in the table below:

Table 1
Derivation
wankelshaky
gammelwobbly
nommelnoble-minded
skrutelshy
nippelmoody
mûtelchubby
himmelneat
noartelsurly
krigeldiligent
The formation krigeldiligent may be related to the verb krijeto get, which has an alternative stem krig-. Note that noartelsurly can also have the forms noartsksurly, noartliksurly and noartichsurly.

Adjectival derivations with -el from verbs are rare and unproductive. A comparable situation occurs with the suffix -er deriving adjectives from verbs.

[+] Morphological potential

Derivations with -el from verbs can be input for other suffixes, examples are given in the table below:

Table 2
Base Derivation
wankelshaky wankelichunstable; wankelensunstability
gammelwobbly gammelich / gammeleftichsickly; gammelens / gammelichheidsickliness
nommelnoble nommelensnobility
brûkelangry brûkelensanger
mûtelchubby mûtelens / mûtelheidchubbiness; mûtelichchubby
himmelneat himmelichvery much wanting to clean
noartelsurly noartelenssurliness
krigeltouchy krigelens / krigelheiddiligence
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x Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:133). Some more details about this suffix can be found in Sytstra and Hof (1925:92) and Tamminga (1973:9).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
  • Sytstra, Onno H. & Hof, Jan J1925Nieuwe Friesche SpraakkunstLeeuwardenR. van der Velde
  • Tamminga, Douwe Annes1973Op 'e taelhelling. Losse trochsneden fan Frysk taellibben. IIA.J. Osinga
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