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This chapter provides a more general discussion of adpositions and their projections (adpositional phrases). Section 1.1 starts by providing a general characterization of the category of adpositions. Sections 1.2 and 1.3 continue by discussing two possible ways of classifying the adpositions. The first classification is formal in nature and based on the relative position of the adpositions with respect to their complement (if any), which results in distinguishing the following four subclasses: prepositions, postpositions, circumpositions and intransitive adpositions/particles. The second classification, on the other hand, is based on the meaning of the adpositions, which results in distinguishing the following three subclasses: spatial, temporal and non-spatial/temporal adpositions. Section 1.4 concludes with a discussion of a number of borderline cases, that is, elements that resemble adpositions in various respects, but for which it is nevertheless not entirely clear whether they should really be considered adpositions.
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